what are the basic parts of a triangle
Best Results From Wikipedia Yahoo Answers Youtube
Basic writing, or developmental writing, is a discipline of composition studies which focuses on the writing of students sometimes otherwise called "remedial" or "underprepared", usually freshman college students.
Defining Basic Writing
Sometimes called â€œremedialâ€� or â€œdevelopmentalâ€� writing, basic writing (BW) was developed in the 1970s, generally under the constraints of open admissions policies. Basic writing courses are meant to help students come to a basic understanding and familiarity with formal written English. BW students can be categorized two ways: 1) students coming straight from high school, who did not develop a basic competency in formal written English before graduation and who placed below average on a college writing placement test, and 2) non-traditional students who are older than average college freshman and who are coming to college for the first time in order to further their education in the hopes of gaining the skills necessary for better employment and earning more money. These are generally students that may have full-time jobs, come to classes at night, and may have children, and perhaps be a single parent. In some cases non-native and ESL students are also considered basic writers, because of their unfamiliarity with the English language, let alone formal written English (sometimes identified as standard English).
BW students are usually characterized by a lack of understanding of the rules of formal written English which may manifest itself in non-traditional syntax, grammar, spelling, punctuation, usage, mechanics, organization, and clarity. Mina Shaughnessy, a pioneer in the field of basic writing, characterized basic writers as â€œthose that had been left so far behind the others in their formal education that they appeared to have little chance of catching up, students whose difficulty with the written language seemed of a different order from those of the other groups, as if they had come, you might say, from a different country, or at least through different schools, where even modest standards of high-school literacy had not been met." However, BW is also a relative term. What might be considered freshman-level writing at one university might be characterized as basic writing at another, or even advanced writing at another, depending on the ability of the general student population and university standards.
History of Basic Writing
The creation of basic writing courses in colleges across the United States is largely the result of the creation of open-admissions policies that no longer required academic standards be set for entrance into college. The first to start such a program was the City University of New York (CUNY). Before opening their campus to all those who wanted higher education, regardless of previous academic performance, CUNY had instituted the SEEK program (Search for Education, Elevation, and Knowledge) which was designed as a pre-collegiate program that was meant to prepare students, who were not yet ready to enter the university, for full admission. However, with the advent of open admissions in 1970 there was no longer a need for pre-collegiate classes, so the program transformed into a course taken by those admitted to the university who did not place well on admissions placement tests. The writing program that stemmed from this transformation became known as a basic writing course because it dealt not with preparing highly literate students for upper-level course work, but with the teaching the very basics of written communication.
Since the late seventies, many colleges and universities have created open admissions policies, and have in turn created BW programs across the country. However, from the very beginning there has been large opposition to open admissions policies. Open admissions detractors have prevailed at some colleges and universities, overturning open admissions policies. As a result, BW course have either been eliminated entirely from the curriculum or have been relegated to community colleges.
Mina P. Shaughnessy
Mina P. Shaughnessy (pronounced MY-NA SHAWN-ES-EE), involved with the SEEK program at CUNY, was a proponent of open admissions for City College (part of the CUNY system) and became director of the BW program once City College opened its doors to all. Shaughnessy worked hard not only to design a curriculum for students that seemed alien to the professors that literally did not know what to do with students who seemed not to be able to put two words together, in some cases, but to understand and categorize the characteristics of basic writers in order to understand them better, and be able to teach them more effectively. For this purpose, Shaughnessy compiled four-thousand placement essays written by students as part of the entrance process into City College and classified the seeming errors that she found, trying to understand the logic behind spelling, syntax, grammar, etc., that seemed, at best, scattered and, at worst, completely arbitrary. She published her results in the book Errors and Expectations (1977). Her main conclusion is that these writers are not scattered or arbitrary, but that they have created systems of written English based on misunderstood rules, half-understood lessons on punctuation, their own local or familial dialects, among others, and have logically created their own systems of written English. It is not that these students do not understand communication, but they simply have not been taught or have misunderstood the rules of written formal English that are generally accepted. Shaughnessyâ€™s work was considered groundbreaking and Errors and Expectations is still considered the seminal book in the field of BW. And although she died in 1978, and other scholars have made contributions to the field, Shaughnessy remains its leading figure today.
Mina P. Shaughnessy is arguably the most prominent name in the field of BW. She helped create the atmosphere of academic respectability BW needed to become recognized as a legitimate scholarly field. Her 1977 book, Errors and Expectations, set the tone for much (if not all) of the BW scholarship that followed. BW scholars, whether they agree with Shaughnessy or not, are still responding to her.
The â€˜â€˜â€˜Bedford Bibliography for Teachers of Basic Writingâ€™â€™â€™ includes this annotation for Errors and Expectations:
- â€œShaughnessy takes teachers through writing problems such as poor handwriting and punctuation, syntax, common errors, spelling and vocabulary errors, and lack of idea development. While her focus is primarily on error, it is underscored by a sensitive understanding of the reasons behind the rhetorical and linguistic difficulties discussed and a strong belief in the inherent intelligence of learners described as â€˜basic writers.â€™ Shaughnessy's claims about the difficulties faced by basic writers are supported by examples from thousands of student papers. Examples of many kinds of errors are provided. Each chapter also includes suggestions for the teacher on how to reduce the particular kind of error discussed in that specific chapter.
From Yahoo Answers
Answers:links below, there are more than ten parts. I'm not sure which parts you are focusing on.
Answers:Help! Mary and I are going to go shopping around the town and we want to sing loudly while we buy our pretty dresses. Help -- interjection Mary -- noun and -- conjunction I -- pronoun are going -- verb phrase (are is helping verb) to go (verb phrase -- infinitive) around the town (prepositional phrase -- around (preposition) the (adjective) -- town (noun) and (conjunction) we (pronoun) want (verb) to sing (verb phrase --infinitive) loudly (adverb) while (conjunction -- subordinate) we (pronoun) buy (verb) our (pronoun functioning as possessive adjective) pretty (adjective) dresses (noun)
Answers:Power supply - changes house electricity (110v) to 12v and 5v that the computer can use. System Board - also known as the motherboard. Additional cards, RAM, processor, all connect to this. It provides a path for the information to flow. Hard drive - data and program storage Processor - does all the work RAM - stores short term information
Answers:1. The evolutionary evidence for undersided stomata most likely comes from the need to regulate water. If the stomata were on top the water transference rates would be not what the plant needs and it would experience extreme flucuations in water content and it would be exposed more to things like evaporation and osmosis into the leaf. 2. A flower is a very complex reproductive system of plants. Most plants' flowers contain what we humans would consider "male" and "female" reproductive organs; that is, nearly all flowers have parts that release pollen (a plant's form of semen) and parts that receive that pollen. 3. A seed is like a human embryo: it's a precursor to the real deal. A seed isn't a single cell which is how all humans start out but during the first stages of pollination a pollen does fertilize an egg-like cell and then that goes on to produce a seed after development within the flower. 4. Vegetables are kind of strange to classify because typically they're defined as "the edible parts of plants" but then again peaches, apples, pears and a whole list of other "fruits" come from plants and are edible by humans. Typically vegetables are defined as the edible parts of plants that can be used for salted or savory consumption. A mini snack bar can contain a whole host of plant products. You'd have to look on the ingredients part (typically on the outermost packaging of whatever sort of container it was bought in) and do some research on each one of those ingredients in order to know what ingredients come from plants. Also the ingredients will vary from snack bar to snack bar so what you find in one snack bar you might not find in another.