tropical rainforest energy pyramid
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Answers:Energy Capture & Trophics Nearly all life on Earth is solar-driven. Plants capture solar energy and store it as chemical energy (photosynthesis). Animals eat plants to obtain this stored energy, among other things. Some animals eat other animals, for the same reasons. These threads of energy transfer are called "food chains". Energy can be likened to the currency that measures an ecosystem economy. Life bucks the laws of entropy. In this sense . . . life is not "natural", but eventually all the energy is dispersed. ....The "rule of 10 percent" says that only 10 percent of the energy in each transfer is actually captured. So, plants only capture about 10 percent of the solar energy available to them. Herbivores capture only 10 percent of the energy stored in plants. And, the same is true "on down the line" of the food chain. Energy transfers occur between "trophic levels". .... from link #1 Recall that the intensity of solar radiation reaching the earth's surface depends partly on location: the ***maximum energy intensity is received at the equator***, and the intensity decreases as we move toward the poles. As we saw in the lecture on ecosystems, these differences have profound effects on climate, and lead to the observed geographic patterns of biomes. ... from link #2 The first clue to the answer is that tropical rainforests are equatorial and receive more light than other latitudes. Read the second reference and you can add as little or as much additional detail as you want.
Answers:Well, if your food chain is supposed to reflect an actual situation, then you need to use animals that live in the same geographical range. Ring-tailed lemurs only occur in Madagascar, where there are no tigers. Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris tigris) are found in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and China. You'll need to choose one or the other. If you go with the tigers, then the Animal Diversity Web page that I link below has this detailed account of prey species: "The majority of the tiger diet consists of various large ungulate species, including sambar (Rusa unicolor), chital (Axis axis), hog deer (Axis porcinus), barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii), barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak), elk (Cervus elaphus), sika deer (Cervus nippon), Eurasian elk (Alces alces), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), muskdeer (Moschus moschiferus), nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus), black buck (Antilope cervicapra), gaur (Bos frontalis), banteng (Bos javanicus), water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), and wild pigs (Sus). Domestic ungulates are also taken, including cattle (Bos taurus), water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), horses (Equus caballus), and goats (Capra hircus). In rare cases tigers attack Malayan tapirs (Tapirus indicus), Indian elephants (Elephas maximus), and young Indian rhinoceroses (Rhinoceros unicornis). Tigers regularly attack and eat brown bears (Ursus arctos), Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus), and sloth bears (Melursus ursinus). Smaller animals are sometimes taken when larger prey is unavailable, this includes large birds such as pheasants (Phasianinae), leopards (Panthera pardus), fish, crocodiles (Crocodylus), turtles, porcupines (Hystrix), rats, and frogs. A very few tigers begin to hunt humans (Homo sapiens)." So, pick one prey species, then click on the link to find out what they eat, and so on. You're right that there should be many more individuals in the lower trophic levels (the first links of the chain), but that sounds as if you're trying to build an ecological pyramid, not a chain.
Answers:go to google and type in food web in the Indian Rainforest
Answers:"At each tropic level in a food chain, energy is used by the organisms at that level to maintain their own life process. Because of the 2nd law of energy, some energy is lost to the surroundings as heat. it is estimated that in going from one tropic level to the next, about 90 % of the energy is lost. In moving to the next tropic level, only 10 % of the original energy is available. By the third tropic level only 1% of the energy is available."