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From Wikipedia

Lesson plan

A lesson plan is a teacher's detailed description of the course of instruction for an individual lesson. A daily lesson plan is developed by a teacher to guide class instruction. The detail of the plan will vary depending on the preference of the teacher, subject being covered, and the need and/or curiosity of children. There may be requirements mandated by the school system regarding the plan.

Developing a lesson plan

While there are many formats for a lesson plan, most lesson plans contain some or all of these elements, typically in this order:

  • Title of the lesson
  • Timerequired to complete the lesson
  • List of required materials
  • List of objectives, which may bebehavioral objectives (what thestudent can do at lesson completion) or knowledge objectives (what the student knows at lesson completion)
  • The set (or lead-in, or bridge-in) that focuses students on the lesson's skills or concepts—these include showing pictures or models, asking leading questions, or reviewing previous lessons
  • An instructional component that describes the sequence of events that make up the lesson, including the teacher's instructional input and guided practice the students use to try new skills or work with new ideas
  • Independentpracticethat allows students to extend skills or knowledge on their own
  • A summary, where the teacher wraps up the discussion and answers questions
  • An evaluationcomponent, a test for mastery of the instructed skills or concepts—such as a set of questions to answer or a set of instructions to follow
  • Analysis component the teacher uses to reflect on the lesson itself —such as what worked, what needs improving
  • A continuity component reviews and reflects on content from the previous lesson

A well developed lesson plan

A well developed lesson plan reflects interests and needs of students. It incorporates best practices for the educational field. The lesson plan correlates with the teacher's philosophy of education, which is what the teacher feels is the purpose of educating the students.

Secondary English program lesson plans, for example, usually center around four topics. They are literary theme, elements of language and composition, literary history, and literary genre. A broad, thematic lesson plan is preferable, because it allows a teacher to create various research, writing, speaking, and reading assignments. It helps an instructor teach different literature genres and incorporate videotapes, films, and television programs. Also, it facilitates teaching literature and English together. School requirements and a teacher's personal tastes, in that order, determine the exact requirements for a lesson plan.

Unit plans follow much the same format as a lesson plan, but cover an entire unit of work, which may span several days or weeks. Modern constructivist teaching styles may not require individual lesson plans. The unit plan may include specific objectives and timelines, but lesson plans can be more fluid as they adapt to student needs and learning styles.

Setting an objective

The first thing a teacher must do is decide on the lesson plan's focus. The teacher creates one idea or question they want the students to explore or answer. Next, the teacher creates classroom activities that correlate with the established idea or question. This includes individual and group activities. Having established these activities, the teacher identifies what language arts skills the lesson plan must cover. After the teacher completes these activities, they must ensure the lesson plan adheres to the best practices used in language arts. This includes conducting research on what teaching methods result in a high success rate for students. The teacher must ensure the lesson plan goals are compatible with the developmental level of the students. The teacher must also ensure their student achievement expectations are reasonable.

Selecting lesson plan material

A lesson plan must correlate with the text book the class uses. The school usually selects the text books or provides teachers with a limited text book choice for a particular unit. The teacher must take great care and select the most appropriate book for the students.

Types of Assignments

The instructor must decide whether class assignments are whole-class, small groups, workshops, independent work, peer learning, or contractual:

  • Whole-class—the teacher lectures to the class as a whole and has the class collectively participate in classroom discussions.
  • Small groups—students work on assignments in groups of three or four.
  • Workshops—students perform various tasks simultaneously. Workshop activities must be tailored to the lesson plan.
  • Independent work—students complete assignments individually.
  • Peer learning—students work together, face to face, so they can learn from one another.
  • Contractual work—teacher and student establish an agreement that the student must perform a certain amount of work by a deadline.

These assignment categories (e.g. peer learning, independent, small groups) can also be used to guide the instructor’s choice of assessment measures that can provide information about student and class comprehension of the material. As discussed by Biggs (1999), there are additional questions an instructor can consider when choosing which type of assignment would provide the most benefit to students. These include:

  • What level of learning do the students need to attain before choosing assignments with varying difficulty levels?
  • What is the amount of time the instructor wants the students to use to complete the assignment?
  • How much time and effort does the instructor have to provide student grading and feedback?
  • What is the purpose of the assignment? (e.g. to track student learning; to provide students with time to practice concepts; to practice


From Yahoo Answers

Question:I'm not a teacher (yet) but I'm doing a placement, working at a secondary school to learn a little more about it, and as part of the placement, I have to actually teach a segment of a Year 7 English lesson. This probably sounds like baby stuff to all you teachers out there but I am VERY scared! I've never done anything like it before and don't know the class or the teacher (who'll be observing me) particularly well so it's pretty nerve-racking for me. Anyway, I'm going to do the 'starter' of a lesson (about 20 minutes) and really need some ideas. It's a mixed-ability class and, at the moment, they're focusing on 'writing to describe' stuff; more specifically they're doing a project called 'The Vampire Handbook' for which they need to make a handbook/guide for trainee vampires. The teacher has pretty much said that I can think up an interesting starter but that it should ideally relate to the topic they're doing. I want to keep it fun and visual as there are quite a few kids that get easily distracted. It can be in the form of a game but obviously must involve them actually learning something. I would be VERY grateful for some ideas on what to do. Um...well it has to relate to English - writing to describe, etc. Not just any old game. And it's a class of around 25 pupils. And they've already started the project. The teacher just suggested that I'm in-keeping with the 'vampire' theme so that it doesn't seem completely unrelated. 20 minutes of a completely different topic would seem a little odd for them

Answers:Using drama is a very visual and fun way of starting lessons Teacher in role would be good and you don't have to dress up or leap about the place. Make up a short script beforehand that describes your nights work (as a vampire). Sit on a chair and say your script to the children, as if you are the vampire. Then allow the children to ask 'the vampire' questions. This way you are able to answer their questions using descriptive language and you also bring the concept to life. This should take about 10-15 mins. You can then write some key words on the board for the kids to use in their own writing. Good luck. Enjoy it. It sounds like fun!

Question:Activity Presetation Lesson Plan Age Group: 4-8 years old Song and chant Title of music & movement experice: Stuff animals excercises Brief description( music & movement objective: The children will exercise with their stuff animals from home or from the teacher and dance and move and have fun. Materials needed: Teddy bear or stuff animal or plushie and be energized to move. How the activity would be introduced to the children: Talk about what kind of stuff animal they have, how it feels is soft, hard, has lots of fur ., the different sizes, different colors, if they have prints on them, if they made it or got from someone. Procedure: Using the stuff animals . Additional information(curriculum extemsion,Etc..) what could I put for Procedure and additional information

Answers:For procedures simple state what it is the children will do. Will they stand in a circle and move to music (name the music) Describe the lesson so that someone else could read it and know step by step what to do. Will they move fast, then slowly, will they follow the teacher direction or just dance free form? Curriculum Extensions might be they will dance with a partner instead of their stuffed animal. Or learn different movements

Question:for my child development class i need to teach a 15 minute lesson on weather any ideas?? (they are preschoolers)

Answers:use the stations of the seasons like winter, spring, summer and fall or autumn. explain that there are four season throughout the year and for every season explain the different types of weather changes. you can even use different types of resources for the different types of seasons such a rain, snow, wind, etc., etc.

Question:Hi Everyone :) I'm working on a 2nd Grade history lesson plan. The lesson plan is on George Washington and events during his era. I've gotten the entire thing written however I have to give specifics for Gifted Students and Diverse learners. For example, more challenging or less challenging work for students who learn faster/slower. I find this to be a difficult task as it's generally hard to come up with something more challenging/easier for such a young grade. The work that is included in the lesson plan is a fill in the blank, a short mini-quiz, and a homework activity where the students explain why they think GW was important! Anyone have suggestions of a more challenging activity that children who work faster could do? On the flip side, how about something for the children that learn slower? Of course, I can't give more work but rather work geared towards the students learning rate. Quite a task if you ask me--I must have something but I've been stuck debating back and forth for hours! I think that might be a little TOO advanced for 2nd graders... Just my opinion though. We want the students to be learning just above their zone of proximodal development--and I highly doubt a 2nd grader has even heard the world economics... I could be mistaken :) Well, I need something for advanced students and something for slower students. Slower students might be able to illustrate something but advanced students need something a little more, well, advanced. When I was in school, we all were taught on the same level---right in the middle... this is beyond me.

Answers:they could do like a coloring page and then like look in books for interesting facts about George Washington. Or they could like find a few facts that they think that is the most important about him.. or write a paragraph about him and why they think hes important.. good luckk((: hope this helpss(:

From Youtube

Lesson Plans for Teachers :Lesson Planet (www.LessonPlanet.com ) is the comprehensive search engine that helps busy teachers find lesson plans and worksheets fast.

Yoga Teacher Lesson Plan System :Discover how to create a yoga teacher lesson plans in under 15 minutes with this simple system. The Lesson Plan system is part of the Yoga Teacher Business Kit. Yoga Teacher Business Kit www.georgewatts.org