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From Wikipedia

Lesson plan

A lesson plan is a teacher's detailed description of the course of instruction for an individual lesson. A daily lesson plan is developed by a teacher to guide class instruction. The detail of the plan will vary depending on the preference of the teacher, subject being covered, and the need and/or curiosity of children. There may be requirements mandated by the school system regarding the plan.

Developing a lesson plan

While there are many formats for a lesson plan, most lesson plans contain some or all of these elements, typically in this order:

  • Title of the lesson
  • Timerequired to complete the lesson
  • List of required materials
  • List of objectives, which may bebehavioral objectives (what thestudent can do at lesson completion) or knowledge objectives (what the student knows at lesson completion)
  • The set (or lead-in, or bridge-in) that focuses students on the lesson's skills or concepts—these include showing pictures or models, asking leading questions, or reviewing previous lessons
  • An instructional component that describes the sequence of events that make up the lesson, including the teacher's instructional input and guided practice the students use to try new skills or work with new ideas
  • Independentpracticethat allows students to extend skills or knowledge on their own
  • A summary, where the teacher wraps up the discussion and answers questions
  • An evaluationcomponent, a test for mastery of the instructed skills or concepts—such as a set of questions to answer or a set of instructions to follow
  • Analysis component the teacher uses to reflect on the lesson itself —such as what worked, what needs improving
  • A continuity component reviews and reflects on content from the previous lesson

A well developed lesson plan

A well developed lesson plan reflects interests and needs of students. It incorporates best practices for the educational field. The lesson plan correlates with the teacher's philosophy of education, which is what the teacher feels is the purpose of educating the students.

Secondary English program lesson plans, for example, usually center around four topics. They are literary theme, elements of language and composition, literary history, and literary genre. A broad, thematic lesson plan is preferable, because it allows a teacher to create various research, writing, speaking, and reading assignments. It helps an instructor teach different literature genres and incorporate videotapes, films, and television programs. Also, it facilitates teaching literature and English together. School requirements and a teacher's personal tastes, in that order, determine the exact requirements for a lesson plan.

Unit plans follow much the same format as a lesson plan, but cover an entire unit of work, which may span several days or weeks. Modern constructivist teaching styles may not require individual lesson plans. The unit plan may include specific objectives and timelines, but lesson plans can be more fluid as they adapt to student needs and learning styles.

Setting an objective

The first thing a teacher must do is decide on the lesson plan's focus. The teacher creates one idea or question they want the students to explore or answer. Next, the teacher creates classroom activities that correlate with the established idea or question. This includes individual and group activities. Having established these activities, the teacher identifies what language arts skills the lesson plan must cover. After the teacher completes these activities, they must ensure the lesson plan adheres to the best practices used in language arts. This includes conducting research on what teaching methods result in a high success rate for students. The teacher must ensure the lesson plan goals are compatible with the developmental level of the students. The teacher must also ensure their student achievement expectations are reasonable.

Selecting lesson plan material

A lesson plan must correlate with the text book the class uses. The school usually selects the text books or provides teachers with a limited text book choice for a particular unit. The teacher must take great care and select the most appropriate book for the students.

Types of Assignments

The instructor must decide whether class assignments are whole-class, small groups, workshops, independent work, peer learning, or contractual:

  • Whole-class—the teacher lectures to the class as a whole and has the class collectively participate in classroom discussions.
  • Small groups—students work on assignments in groups of three or four.
  • Workshops—students perform various tasks simultaneously. Workshop activities must be tailored to the lesson plan.
  • Independent work—students complete assignments individually.
  • Peer learning—students work together, face to face, so they can learn from one another.
  • Contractual work—teacher and student establish an agreement that the student must perform a certain amount of work by a deadline.

These assignment categories (e.g. peer learning, independent, small groups) can also be used to guide the instructor’s choice of assessment measures that can provide information about student and class comprehension of the material. As discussed by Biggs (1999), there are additional questions an instructor can consider when choosing which type of assignment would provide the most benefit to students. These include:

  • What level of learning do the students need to attain before choosing assignments with varying difficulty levels?
  • What is the amount of time the instructor wants the students to use to complete the assignment?
  • How much time and effort does the instructor have to provide student grading and feedback?
  • What is the purpose of the assignment? (e.g. to track student learning; to provide students with time to practice concepts; to practice


From Yahoo Answers

Question:I work in a school with no ESL students however, I am currently completing my CLAD and need 5 good ESL/SDAIE lesson plans that would be applicable to a high school English classroom. Do you know of any great resources? Thanks!!!

Answers:There are a million websites out there, but http://iteslj.org/ is very good. Your lesson plan will depend on the methodology or methodologies you're going to follow - task based? ppp? tpr? My experience is mostly in an EFL context so what and how I'd teach in my Korean high school would be different from yours in an ESL context.

Question:What are some useful websites that teach 9th grade algebra and/or have practice problems like printable worksheets. Any recommendations would also be appreciated. im looking for a 9th grade algebra lesson plan that i can work on and tutor myself in during summer. I looked through my notes from this year and here are some examples of the topics; identifyng patterns, pattern extensions, graphing data, writing expressions, order of operations, multiplying integers, interpreting graphs of info, solving 2step equations, linear equations, graphing linear equations...etc.

Answers:http://www.algebrahouse.com - Algebra 1 and Algebra 2 notes in step by step PowerPoint form, the same notes shown in class everyday {the notes are in read-only format, just click "read-only" when prompted} - Since they are in a step by step style, you can control the speed and topic - Also, a number of questions, with answers, on a variety of Algebra topics

Question:I teach 9th grade English and we are finishing up "Romeo and Juliet" this coming Monday with a final test. I want to do a short story unit with my kids, but I also want to try to incorporate some really fun, exciting lessons since the year is almost over. Any ideas?

Answers:First of all DON'T TEACH ROMEO AND JULIET next year. Try The Taming of the Shrew - kids are inundated with Shakespeare's tragedies and aren't even aware of comedies! But - end the year with poetry - they can even go outside to be inspired to write haikus are fun and easy as are limericks (especially if you use YOURSELF as the first line "There was an old had named Ms. Brock . . .") Nature poems are good Traditional British ballads are fun and easy to teach, AND they can find ballads in the music they listen to as an assignment or extra credit (bring in the lyrics or the CD and discuss how they're ballads)

Question:

Answers:Most homeschoolers use a math curriculum that comes with the lesson plans plus worksheets. My kids use Alpha Omega Life Pacs for Math. You can buy it online.

From Youtube

Harry Potter lesson plan :Spencer Reese found a way to bring excitement to his eighth grade English class. He assigns them to read Harry Potter books. Younger students can't wait to be in his class and current students spend their summer chatting on message boards discussing new theories in anticipation of the fifth movie, Harry Potter and The Order of the Phoenix.

First Grade Lesson Plans :www.teachersrecess.com The Social Networking Site for Teachers. Teachers can share ideas, exchange first grade lesson plans, worksheets, and teacher resources.