Inorganic Acids List
We know that an acid shows the tendency to give hydrogen ions (H+) in their solution. On the contrary; bases can give OH- ions in solution. We can say that a compound will act as acid if it will give H+ ion in solution while it will act as base in the condition of hydroxy ion donation.
On the basis of their composition; acids can be classified as organic and inorganic acids or mineral acids. Inorganic acids or mineral acids are derived from inorganic compounds. In their aqueous solution; they have tendency to form hydrogen ions with conjugate base ions when dissolved in water. The inorganic acid list is too big but we can discuss some common examples such as nitric acid, sulphuric acid or hydrochloric acid. Another name of mineral acids is bench acids.
The strength of mineral acids varies from acid to acid such as sulphuric acid is quite strong while boric acid is very weak acid. Like organic acids; they are also soluble in water but not dissolve with organic solvents. These acids are mainly used in different industrial areas for the synthesis of other inorganic and organic chemicals.
These acids are usually prepared on large scale such as sulphuric acid is prepared by contact process while Oswald process is used for the synthesis of nitric acid. They show corrosive properties such as dilute HCl is used to remove the deposits from the inner side of boilers.
This process is called as descaling. On the contrary; organic acids are composed of carbon and hydrogen which are bonded through covalent bonds. They have carboxy group (-COOH) with an alkyl group and commonly known as carboxylic acid.
They are also hydrogen ion donor which results the formation of carboxylate ion in solution such as formic acid (HCOOH), acetic acid (CH3COOH), propanoic acid (CH3CH2COOH) etc.
Some common examples of mineral acids are hydrochloric acid (HCl), nitric acid (HNO3), phosphoric acid (H3PO4), sulphuric acid (H2SO4), boric acid (H3BO3), hydrofluoric acid (HF), hydrobromic acid (HBr) and perchloric acid (HClO4¬).
The solution of inorganic acids contains the hydrogen ions which show the ability to neutralise the basic or alkaline solution. It shows a certain color with appropriate indicator.
They can exit in gaseous or solid state also for example HCl can exit in both gaseous and liquid state. The anhydrides of inorganic acids are oxides of metalloid which can react with water to form an inorganic acid.
For example; The reaction of sulphur with oxygen results the formation of sulphur dioxide. The combination of sulphur dioxide with water forms sulphuric acid.
Let’s discuss some common applications of mineral acids. They are mainly used as intermediates and catalysts in several chemical reactions. They are also used in dye-stuff, metal- and woodworking, petroleum, textile and photography.
The aqueous solution of Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is used for the acidification in various industries, for refining ores of metals such as Sn & Ta, for the conversion of cornstarch to syrup and for the removal of scale from boilers.
It also acts as tanning agent in the leather industry. H2SO4 is mainly used in the manufacturing of parchment paper, extraction of uranium, purification of petroleum, and steel pickling, refining of vegetable oil and carbonization of wool fabrics.
Both H2SO4 and HClO4 are used in the explosives industry which Sulphamic acid acts as flame retardant in the wood and textile industries.
It is also a good bleaching agent and bactericide in the paper-pulp industry.
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A mineral acid (or inorganic acid) is an acid derived from one or more inorganic compounds. A mineral acid is not organic and all mineral acids release hydrogen ions when dissolved in water.
Commonly used mineral acids are sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and nitric acid (They are also known as bench acids). Mineral acids range from acids of great strength (example: sulfuric acid) to very weak (boric acid). Mineral acids tend to be very soluble in water and insoluble in organic solvents.
Mineral acids are used in many sectors of the chemical industry as feedstocks for the synthesis of other chemicals, both organic and inorganic. Large quantities of these acids, especially sulfuric acid, nitric acid and hydrochloric acid are manufactured for commercial use in large plants.
Mineral acids are also used directly for their corrosive properties. For example, a dilute solution of hydrochloric acid is used for removing the deposits from the inside of boilers, with precautions taken to prevent the corrosion of the boiler by the acid. This process is known as descaling.
From Yahoo Answers
Question:Thanks for those who will answer. :-)
Answers:Acids names follow the name of anion they form when dissolved in water, f.e. anion = ( chlor)ide > hydro(chlor)ic acid, anion hypo(chlor)ite > hypo(chlor)ous acid, but anion (chlor)ate > (chlor)ic acid.
Here you find a list of anion-names and some exceptions of this rule:
Answers:Not inoganic means organic, so glucose is organic.
However, there can be organic acids and salts and even bases.
Question:Please identify the (5) major branch of Chemistry that deals with the ff topics:
(Organic Chem, Inorganic Chem, Biochemistry, Analytical Chem or Physical Chem)
3. water quality assessment
4. citric acid cycle\
5. work and heat
7. noble gasses
8. quantum mechanics
9. aromatic compounds
THANKYOU very much!
Answers:1. Organic Chem
2. Inorganic Chem
3. Analytical Chem
5. Physical Chem
7. Inorganic Chem
8. Physical Chem
9. Organic Chem
10. Many branches of Chem (mostly Analytical Chem)
Question:I have to write a short paragraph about inorganic chemistry in everyday life but I have no idea what inorganic chemistry is. Can anyone give me an example on how we use inorganic chemistry in everyday life?
Answers:Organic chemistry originated as the study of the substances involved in living systems, hence the root word "organ." Later in the history of chemistry, it got too confusing to stay with that definition, because there are so many compounds that are of mineral composition that are also involved in living systems. So the definition of "organic" changed, now meaning any compound that includes carbon in its composition. Thus inorganic chemistry is that which does not involve carbon.
When you use ammonia to wash your windows, you're using inorganic chemistry. For that matter, when you rinse your hands in water, you're using the solvent property of H2O, an inorganic compound. (If you use soap or detergent, though, you're including organic substances.)
When you mix rock salt with the ice in an old-fashioned hand-crank ice cream maker, you're using inorganic chemistry. When you add muriatic acid to your swimming pool to lower the pH, it's inorganic chemistry. Common laundry bleach, too, sodium hypochlorite, is an inorganic compound. The lead plates and sulfuric acid in a car's battery apply the electrical properties of inorganic chemistry.
Any substance that doesn't have carbon in its molecular structure is considered inorganic, so there are many, many everyday life situations that use inorganic chemistry.
Strong Acids - Inorganic Chemistry Song :This is a song I put together about strong acids. You will be able to ace any college inorganic chemistry test with it! LYRICS: HCl HNO3 HClO4 HBr HI H2SO4
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