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From Wikipedia

Mineral acid

A mineral acid (or inorganic acid) is an acid derived from one or more inorganic compounds. A mineral acid is not organic and all mineral acids release hydrogen ions when dissolved in water.

Characteristics

Commonly used mineral acids are sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and nitric acid (They are also known as bench acids). Mineral acids range from acids of great strength (example: sulfuric acid) to very weak (boric acid). Mineral acids tend to be very soluble in water and insoluble in organic solvents.

Mineral acids are used in many sectors of the chemical industry as feedstocks for the synthesis of other chemicals, both organic and inorganic. Large quantities of these acids, especially sulfuric acid, nitric acid and hydrochloric acid are manufactured for commercial use in large plants.

Mineral acids are also used directly for their corrosive properties. For example, a dilute solution of hydrochloric acid is used for removing the deposits from the inside of boilers, with precautions taken to prevent the corrosion of the boiler by the acid. This process is known as descaling.

Examples



From Yahoo Answers

Question:Thanks for those who will answer. :-)

Answers:Acids names follow the name of anion they form when dissolved in water, f.e. anion = ( chlor)ide > hydro(chlor)ic acid, anion hypo(chlor)ite > hypo(chlor)ous acid, but anion (chlor)ate > (chlor)ic acid. Here you find a list of anion-names and some exceptions of this rule: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inorganic_nomenclature More specific: http://old.iupac.org/reports/provisional/abstract04/RB-prs310804/Chap8-3.04.pdf

Question:a.basis b.salts c.water d.acids e.glucose

Answers:Not inoganic means organic, so glucose is organic. However, there can be organic acids and salts and even bases.

Question:Please identify the (5) major branch of Chemistry that deals with the ff topics: (Organic Chem, Inorganic Chem, Biochemistry, Analytical Chem or Physical Chem) 1. petrochemicals 2. metallurgy 3. water quality assessment 4. citric acid cycle\ 5. work and heat 6. proteins 7. noble gasses 8. quantum mechanics 9. aromatic compounds 10. spectroscopy THANKYOU very much! GODspeed!

Answers:1. Organic Chem 2. Inorganic Chem 3. Analytical Chem 4. Biochemistry 5. Physical Chem 6. Biochemistry 7. Inorganic Chem 8. Physical Chem 9. Organic Chem 10. Many branches of Chem (mostly Analytical Chem)

Question:I have to write a short paragraph about inorganic chemistry in everyday life but I have no idea what inorganic chemistry is. Can anyone give me an example on how we use inorganic chemistry in everyday life?

Answers:Organic chemistry originated as the study of the substances involved in living systems, hence the root word "organ." Later in the history of chemistry, it got too confusing to stay with that definition, because there are so many compounds that are of mineral composition that are also involved in living systems. So the definition of "organic" changed, now meaning any compound that includes carbon in its composition. Thus inorganic chemistry is that which does not involve carbon. When you use ammonia to wash your windows, you're using inorganic chemistry. For that matter, when you rinse your hands in water, you're using the solvent property of H2O, an inorganic compound. (If you use soap or detergent, though, you're including organic substances.) When you mix rock salt with the ice in an old-fashioned hand-crank ice cream maker, you're using inorganic chemistry. When you add muriatic acid to your swimming pool to lower the pH, it's inorganic chemistry. Common laundry bleach, too, sodium hypochlorite, is an inorganic compound. The lead plates and sulfuric acid in a car's battery apply the electrical properties of inorganic chemistry. Any substance that doesn't have carbon in its molecular structure is considered inorganic, so there are many, many everyday life situations that use inorganic chemistry.

From Youtube

Strong Acids - Inorganic Chemistry Song :This is a song I put together about strong acids. You will be able to ace any college inorganic chemistry test with it! LYRICS: HCl HNO3 HClO4 HBr HI H2SO4

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