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human hormones and their functions

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Question:All the males on both sides of my family are 5"10 ++ I'm stuck at 5'4 1/2 108 pounds 18 years old and 11 1/2 shoe size. I haven't grown taller OR aged since I was 14. I still look like I'm 14. My testes have continued to grow...at the next to last step of development. And I have the "adult" pubic hair. I have a little facial hair but still look like I'm 13-14. Could this be a medical problem? Or can I still grow even though I've gone through...almost finished some stages of puberty but completely lack others...Maturing of the face...the 14+ growth spurt...penis growing...(at 4 in erect)...Shoulders widening. I just look so young, it's like my body just completely stopped making it. For the completely oblivious people...I'm not just making this accusation because I'm short, it's also because I look VERY young.

Answers:A HGH deficiency is unlikely as your height is quite normal although well below average. Dwarfs and midgets (with open growth plates) who are usually at least a whole foot shorter than you are can sometimes be helped with HGH injections by a doctor if their pituitary gland is malfunctioning and not releasing enough HGH. If your growth plates are still open taking extra HGH won't help further height growth if your pituitary gland is functioning normally. Males usually stop growing at 18 but sometimes they keep growing until 21 but this is uncommon and sometimes growth continues until 25 but this is almost unheard of and only occurs in very isolated cases. In your case further growth is possible but uncertain. Perhaps you may wish to investigate a web search for dwarfism + hgh and perhaps another one for "amino acids to grow taller".

Question:in a low dose of course (i want answers from people who are educated on the subject, NOT hippies or followers of Zen who support only hollistic approaches to wellness)

Answers:While a low dose would theoretically minimize the side effects, taking hormones you don't need is just a bad idea. Your body functions via the use of thousands of various pathways; everything affects something else. You start playing with one thing, it messes with 10 other systems. Some side effects that have been reported (I don't know the specific doses) include edema (rentention of fluid), arthralgia (joint pain), a possible increased risk of diabetes, and in some rare cases death. Granted, those probably were related to other problems or large dosages, but still. Something else that's important to realize, is that 'scientists' (re: researchers vs. pharma) don't agree on whether or not it benefits a healthy individual. It's only been extensively studied in children with specific growth problems. If your doctor is advising it, then I would seriously consider taking it, but don't just do it because you can or don't feel big enough.

Question:I need to know the function of the human liver for a science project..... Please make it in understandable words!!

Answers:The functions of the liver are varied, working closely with nearly every fundamental system and process in the human body, in particular homeostasis and the regulation of blood sugar. 1. Regulation of blood sugar: The level of blood sugar stays at around 0.1%, and excess coming from the gut is stored as glycogen. The hormone called insulin excreted by the pancreas causes the excess glucose to turn into glycogen. 2. Regulation of lipids: Lipids are extracted from the blood and changed to carbohydrates, etc. as required or sent to fat storage sites if not needed straight away. 3. Regulation of amino acids: a supply of amino acids in the blood is kept at a normal level. Any spare which has not been absorbed cannot be stored but is converted into the waste products, called urea when at the liver, and is then sent to the kidneys to be removed from the body as urine. The remainder of the amino acid molecule is not wasted; it is changed into a carbohydrate that can be used. 4. Production of heat: the liver is one of the hardest working regions of the body and produces a lot of waste heat. This is carried round the body in the blood and warms less active regions. 5. Forms bile: bile consists of bile salts and the excretory bile pigments. It is important to speed up the digestion of lipids. 6. Forms cholesterol: this fatty substance is used in the cells. Excess amounts in the blood can cause the blood vessels to become blocked, leading to heart attacks, etc. 7. Removals of hormones, toxins, etc. The liver extracts many harmful materials from the blood and excretes them in the bile or from the kidneys. 8. Formation of red blood cells in the young embryo while it is developing in the womb. 9. Making heparin: this is a substance that prevents the blood from clotting as it travels through the blood system. 10. Removal of hemoglobin molecules: when red blood cells die, the hemoglobin is converted into bile pigments and the iron atoms are saved for future use. 11. Storage of blood: the liver can swell to hold huge amounts of blood which can be released into the circulation if the body suddenly needs more, e.g. if it is wounded. 12. Forms plasma proteins: the plasma proteins are used in blood clotting and in keeping the blood plasma constant. The main blood proteins include fibrinogen, prothrombin, albumens and globulins. 13. Storage of vitamins such as vitamin A and D. Vitamin A is also made in the liver from carotene, the orange-red pigment in plants. Vitamin B12 is also stored in the liver.

Question:Which of the following is NOT a major function of protein in the human body? maintaining fluid balance providing energy to the body growth and maintenance of new tissue synthesis of hormones

Answers:maintaining fluid balance because that is to do with breathing, sweating and urinating x

From Youtube

Hormones :Many of the body's most basic functions are regulated by the endocrine system eight different glands located throughout the body. The endocrine system constantly and quietly does its work secreting liquid chemical messengers called hormones. These chemicals manage muscle growth and digestion, as well as energy, reproduction, and more. Here in the pancreas, a hormone called insulin is produced and secreted into the blood. When levels of blood glucose or sugar become too high, the pancreas increases production of insulin. Chemicals in the insulin cause body cells to open up, allowing more glucose from the blood to enter cells stabilizing the amount of glucose in the blood and maintaining adequate energy in the cells. This is just one example of how the endocrine system regulates a number of important body functions.

growth hormone "5" :Growth hormone (GH) is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth and cell reproduction in humans and other animals. It is a 191-amino acid, single chain polypeptide hormone which is synthesized, stored, and secreted by the somatotroph cells within the lateral wings of the anterior pituitary gland. Somatotrophin refers to the growth hormone produced natively in animals, the term somatropin refers to growth hormone produced by recombinant DNA technology[1], and is abbreviated "rhGH" in human. Growth hormone has a variety of functions in the body, the most noticeable of which is the increase of height throughout childhood, and there are several diseases which can be treated through the therapeutic use of GH. growth hormone