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How to Teach Division to Grade 1

Division:

The Division is one among the arithmetic operation which is being performed. Division is defined as repeated subtraction of a number. Division as an equal distribution of terms or  number.

Symbol for Division:

Division is making required number of equal parts out of the given object. The symbol of division is given as :
Division : Example:10÷2
Long division : used  when computing a long division problem.
Fraction bar : $\frac{36}{6}$ dividend 36 is named as numerator and the divisor 6 is denominator of the given fraction.

Example: 10÷2 ,8) 64

          Dividend
Divisor  4)20(5   Quotient
              20
             ▬▬
              00  Remainder
             ▬▬
Dividend: is the number which is to be divided
Divisor: the number by which we divide.
Quotient: The result which is obtained by dividing.
Remainder: what remains after the division

Stages of Division:

Example: 8÷2
     
Step 1: Recall the table of 2 till u reach the number 8.
            2x1 = 2
            2x2= 4
            2x3 = 6
            2x4 = 8

Step 2: Write the multiplicative in division form as shown below

Step 3: Write the product of 2 and 4 below 8.

Step 4: Subtract the product from given number 8.



Step 5:  8 ÷ 2 = 4

Division of two digit Number:

Division of two digit number can be carried out using single digit or two digit number.

Example
 18 ÷ 2

Step 1: Recall the table of 2 till u reach the number 18.
             2x1 = 2
             2x2= 4
             2x3 = 6
             2x4 = 8
             2x5 = 10
             2x6 = 12
             2x7 = 14
             2x8 = 16
             2x9 = 18

Step 2: Write the multiplicative in division form as shown below

Step 3: Multiply the quotient with divisor

Step 4: Subtract the product from given number 18.



Step 5: 18÷2 = 9

Verification:
Add the remainder to the product obtained  18 + 00 = 18, the result obtained is same with dividend which shows the process of division is correct.

Zero as Dividend and Divisor:

Zero divided by a number equals zero.
Example: 0÷6 = 0
zero divided by a number equals to zero can be represented by multiplication. The expression 0÷6 shows 0x6 which is equal to 0, it is true that 0÷6 = 0

Zero as Divisor is impossible ,dividing a number by zero is indefinable. Multiplication shows that a number divided by zero is impossible.
Example:  6÷0
The expression  6÷0 is related with multiplication  __x0 = 0 any number times 0 equals 0,the division 0÷0 has no unique solution and is also not possible.