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From Wikipedia

Lesson plan

A lesson plan is a teacher's detailed description of the course of instruction for an individual lesson. A daily lesson plan is developed by a teacher to guide class instruction. The detail of the plan will vary depending on the preference of the teacher, subject being covered, and the need and/or curiosity of children. There may be requirements mandated by the school system regarding the plan.

Developing a lesson plan

While there are many formats for a lesson plan, most lesson plans contain some or all of these elements, typically in this order:

  • Title of the lesson
  • Timerequired to complete the lesson
  • List of required materials
  • List of objectives, which may bebehavioral objectives (what thestudent can do at lesson completion) or knowledge objectives (what the student knows at lesson completion)
  • The set (or lead-in, or bridge-in) that focuses students on the lesson's skills or concepts—these include showing pictures or models, asking leading questions, or reviewing previous lessons
  • An instructional component that describes the sequence of events that make up the lesson, including the teacher's instructional input and guided practice the students use to try new skills or work with new ideas
  • Independentpracticethat allows students to extend skills or knowledge on their own
  • A summary, where the teacher wraps up the discussion and answers questions
  • An evaluationcomponent, a test for mastery of the instructed skills or concepts—such as a set of questions to answer or a set of instructions to follow
  • Analysis component the teacher uses to reflect on the lesson itself —such as what worked, what needs improving
  • A continuity component reviews and reflects on content from the previous lesson

A well developed lesson plan

A well developed lesson plan reflects interests and needs of students. It incorporates best practices for the educational field. The lesson plan correlates with the teacher's philosophy of education, which is what the teacher feels is the purpose of educating the students.

Secondary English program lesson plans, for example, usually center around four topics. They are literary theme, elements of language and composition, literary history, and literary genre. A broad, thematic lesson plan is preferable, because it allows a teacher to create various research, writing, speaking, and reading assignments. It helps an instructor teach different literature genres and incorporate videotapes, films, and television programs. Also, it facilitates teaching literature and English together. School requirements and a teacher's personal tastes, in that order, determine the exact requirements for a lesson plan.

Unit plans follow much the same format as a lesson plan, but cover an entire unit of work, which may span several days or weeks. Modern constructivist teaching styles may not require individual lesson plans. The unit plan may include specific objectives and timelines, but lesson plans can be more fluid as they adapt to student needs and learning styles.

Setting an objective

The first thing a teacher must do is decide on the lesson plan's focus. The teacher creates one idea or question they want the students to explore or answer. Next, the teacher creates classroom activities that correlate with the established idea or question. This includes individual and group activities. Having established these activities, the teacher identifies what language arts skills the lesson plan must cover. After the teacher completes these activities, they must ensure the lesson plan adheres to the best practices used in language arts. This includes conducting research on what teaching methods result in a high success rate for students. The teacher must ensure the lesson plan goals are compatible with the developmental level of the students. The teacher must also ensure their student achievement expectations are reasonable.

Selecting lesson plan material

A lesson plan must correlate with the text book the class uses. The school usually selects the text books or provides teachers with a limited text book choice for a particular unit. The teacher must take great care and select the most appropriate book for the students.

Types of Assignments

The instructor must decide whether class assignments are whole-class, small groups, workshops, independent work, peer learning, or contractual:

  • Whole-class—the teacher lectures to the class as a whole and has the class collectively participate in classroom discussions.
  • Small groups—students work on assignments in groups of three or four.
  • Workshops—students perform various tasks simultaneously. Workshop activities must be tailored to the lesson plan.
  • Independent work—students complete assignments individually.
  • Peer learning—students work together, face to face, so they can learn from one another.
  • Contractual work—teacher and student establish an agreement that the student must perform a certain amount of work by a deadline.

These assignment categories (e.g. peer learning, independent, small groups) can also be used to guide the instructor’s choice of assessment measures that can provide information about student and class comprehension of the material. As discussed by Biggs (1999), there are additional questions an instructor can consider when choosing which type of assignment would provide the most benefit to students. These include:

  • What level of learning do the students need to attain before choosing assignments with varying difficulty levels?
  • What is the amount of time the instructor wants the students to use to complete the assignment?
  • How much time and effort does the instructor have to provide student grading and feedback?
  • What is the purpose of the assignment? (e.g. to track student learning; to provide students with time to practice concepts; to practice


From Yahoo Answers

Question:Do any teachers have online resources they would recommend for English communication lessons. I would prefer resources for adult students learning conversational English. Students would already have a general background and intermediate comprehension level. Thanks in advance!

Answers:English, Learning. http://www.world-english.org/ http://www.englishforums.com/ http://www.world-english.org/free_english_lessons.htm http://www.zozanga.com/ http://www.edufind.com/index.cfm http://www.btinternet.com/~ted.power/index.html http://www.word2word.com/ http://www.freelang.net/ http://sitemaker.umich.edu/eli.resources http://www.englishpage.com/ http://www.usingenglish.com/ http://www.online-education.net/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/ http://www.learnenglish.org.uk/ http://www.english-at-home.com/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/ http://www.oup.com/elt/select?url=/eltnew/students/ French. http://www.tolearnenglish.com/tous.php http://www.france-pub.com/french/ http://www.frenchassistant.com/default.a... http://www.bonjour.com/ http://www.frenchtutorial.com/ Languages other than English. http://www.japanese-online.com/ http://www.zozanga.com/ http://www.word2word.com/ http://www.freelang.net/ http://www.languageguide.org/ http://www.nvtc.gov/lotw/index.html Free Online Language Translator http://www.worldlingo.com/en/products_services/worldlingo_translator.html http://www.worldlingo.com/ http://www.google.co.in/language_tools?hl=en http://babelfish.yahoo.com/ http://www.transparent.com/ http://www.ilovelanguages.com/ http://www.tranexp.com:2000/Translate/result.shtml http://www.freetranslation.com/ http://translation.langenberg.com/ How to Do A Language Exchange You should practice using the Cormier method, a language exchange method that has been proven for over 3 years at the C.E.L.M. school in Montreal, Canada. http://www.mylanguageexchange.com/ Good luck. Kevin, Liverpool, England.

Question:Hi Everyone :) I'm working on a 2nd Grade history lesson plan. The lesson plan is on George Washington and events during his era. I've gotten the entire thing written however I have to give specifics for Gifted Students and Diverse learners. For example, more challenging or less challenging work for students who learn faster/slower. I find this to be a difficult task as it's generally hard to come up with something more challenging/easier for such a young grade. The work that is included in the lesson plan is a fill in the blank, a short mini-quiz, and a homework activity where the students explain why they think GW was important! Anyone have suggestions of a more challenging activity that children who work faster could do? On the flip side, how about something for the children that learn slower? Of course, I can't give more work but rather work geared towards the students learning rate. Quite a task if you ask me--I must have something but I've been stuck debating back and forth for hours! I think that might be a little TOO advanced for 2nd graders... Just my opinion though. We want the students to be learning just above their zone of proximodal development--and I highly doubt a 2nd grader has even heard the world economics... I could be mistaken :) Well, I need something for advanced students and something for slower students. Slower students might be able to illustrate something but advanced students need something a little more, well, advanced. When I was in school, we all were taught on the same level---right in the middle... this is beyond me.

Answers:they could do like a coloring page and then like look in books for interesting facts about George Washington. Or they could like find a few facts that they think that is the most important about him.. or write a paragraph about him and why they think hes important.. good luckk((: hope this helpss(:

Question:I'm required to write a research paper for school which includes lesson plans for teachers. These lesson plans are for M-F and each day is a different lesson plan based on the subject of math/measurement. My instructor stated that my title of the paper was general. What can I title my paper? I want something really neat. What I did have was these two: Math Lesson Plans for Kindergartners and Lesson Plans for Kindergartners. I'd like to use something more creative. Any ideas?

Answers:Math Lesson Plans for Developing Kindergartners Minds.

Question:This is something I have been looking for about two months, none of the free homeschool sites I have looked at have it. Is there any sites with general science? Preferably in a textbook format with printable worksheets, or something close to that, not just a site that gives "fun fact" type of stuff. Not sure what grade, I am just wanting to go back to the general science stuff I took a while back, and review it a bit.. I guess it was maybe 7th, 8th grade?

Answers:You'd be better off looking under the subject headings - animal classification, earth science, simple machines, astronomy, botany, etc. You'll need to do some searching on these, but if you type in the subject heading and "lesson plan" into your search bar, you'll come up with all sorts of stuff. You'll be able to find worksheets, lesson plans, research materials, links for further research, and helpful explanations. You won't find an actual curriculum, as it's still so general at that stage. Each school district and curriculum provider has their own scope and sequence, so the free stuff is a supplement to that. (Also, anyone who's taken the time to put a full curriculum together is going to want money for it.) I've been looking ahead though, as my son will be starting general science next spring, and if you're willing to dig through the sites there's some really great stuff there. If you look on the Apologia site at the different courses, they have the table of contents for General and Physical Science online. This will give you a great jumping-off point, sort of a scope and sequence of what to research. As far as free goes, I think this would be your best bet. Here are the links: https://apologia.securesites.net/pdfs/TOC/gstoc.pdf?zenAdminID=36894e6c3b041a74015ad89bdf607952&zenAdminID=36894e6c3b041a74015ad89bdf607952&zenAdminID=28084ba172364435de5443b7c457524e&zenAdminID=2aba37c3eb36645e5f8736815c984562&zenAdminID=2aba37c3eb36645e5f8736815c984562&zenAdminID=7c5e7b73ac3febe125f6d0919adcd230&zenAdminID=7c5e7b73ac3febe125f6d0919adcd230&zenAdminID=7c5e7b73ac3febe125f6d0919adcd230&zenAdminID=7c5e7b73ac3febe125f6d0919adcd230&zenAdminID=7c5e7b73ac3febe125f6d0919adcd230&zenAdminID=7c5e7b73ac3febe125f6d0919adcd230&zenAdminID=7c5e7b73ac3febe125f6d0919adcd230&zenAdminID=87bfc951db69f9a57c86fa8ec71da276&zenAdminID=3cf93174c142e6bdb576c86c5f593099&zenAdminID=5fca27dad29c9af73f922b4045074cfe&zenAdminID=5fca27dad29c9af73f922b4045074cfe&zenid=09f5effac123cd9153aeb8337ea6507e https://apologia.securesites.net/pdfs/TOC/ps2_toc.pdf?zenid=09f5effac123cd9153aeb8337ea6507e https://apologia.securesites.net/pdfs/ps_literature.pdf?zenAdminID=f7a3b693ce7941dbe99d60efe648d83a&zenAdminID=5fca27dad29c9af73f922b4045074cfe&zenid=09f5effac123cd9153aeb8337ea6507e Hope that helps!

From Youtube

General Weather -- TeachPower.net Lesson :www.teachpower.netPreview of one of 140+ Powerpoint presentations that I use in my middle school science class that you can also find on my teacher resource website. This presentation covers information on the definition of air mass and how they interact to form the different types of weather and fronts. It follows current science curriculum for both middle and high schools. For a nominal fee you can get this presentation and 140 other presentations at my teacher resource website Teach Power.net. Stay tuned to teachpower.net as I have much more resources planned to help us teachers around the world accomplish our task. If you don't see a presentation lesson [be it science or not] that suites your needs then please email me cwarner@teachpower.net and I will be glad to create a custom presentation for any subject for you. **NOTE THIS VIDEO IS JUST A PREVIEW OF THE FULL POWERPOINT LESSON. THE SPEED AT WHICH IT SHOWS IS FOR TIME PURPOSES ONLY! THE LESSON CAN BE PRESENTED AT YOUR PACE WITH MOUSE CLICKS. ENJOY!

Lesson Planning :Dr. Bilash explains lesson planning in the language classroom with this PowerPoint movie.