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From Wikipedia

Active voice

Active voice is a grammatical voice common in many of the world's languages. It is the unmarked voice for clauses featuring a transitive verb in nominative–accusative languages, including English and most other Indo-European languages.

Active voice is used in a clause whose subject expresses the agent of the main verb. That is, the subject does the action designated by the verb. A sentence whose agent is marked as grammatical subject is called an active sentence. In contrast, a sentence in which the subject has the role of patient or theme is called a passive sentence, and its verb is expressed in passive voice. Many languages have both an active and a passive voice; this allows for greater flexibility in sentence construction, as either the semantic agent or patient may take the syntactic role of subject.

Examples

In the following examples the active and passive voice are illustrated with pairs of sentences using the same transitive verb.



From Yahoo Answers

Question:What is Active and Passive Voice? How to frame sentence in Active and Passive Voice? How to find Active and Passive voice in a sentence?

Answers:In the active voice, the subject does the action of the verb. John wrote a few letter to the manager. In the Passive voice, the subject is not important, or isn't mentioned, or maybe added at the end of the sentence. A few letters were written to the manager. A few letters were written to the manager by John. Notice that the passive voice is always formed with "To Be" in any tense, with/without an auxiliary verb, plus the past participle of the verb: A few letters were written...will be written..must be written...are always written, are now being written...etc.

Question:I need some help identifying a sentence that uses passive voice and then changing passive to active voice. Here are the sentences: (1) All BusComm employees will receive an appreciation vacation day in 2008. (2) We are rewarding your hard work during 2007, our most profitable year in the company s past history. (3) You may schedule your bonus day on most days during this year, with the approval of your supervisor. (4) However, you may not take your bonus day during October, due to our holiday production schedule. (5) Attached please find a copy of our standard vacation request form. (6) It must be submitted at least one month before your requested date. (7) It is important that you write bonus day in the reason box. (8) I am excited about the company s winter party this Saturday night. (9) This party will be the best one we have ever had. (10) I know that you are going to enjoy the entertainment we have provided for you. Thanks!

Answers:(1) All BusComm employees will receive an appreciation vacation day in 2008. (active) (2) We (reward) your hard work during 2007, our most profitable year in the company s past history. (3) You may schedule your bonus day on most days during this year, with (your supervisor's approval). (4) However, you may not take your bonus day during October, due to our holiday production schedule.(active) (5) Attached please find a copy of our standard vacation request form. (6) (Submit it) at least one month before your requested date.(active) (7) It is important that you write bonus day in the reason box. (8) I am excited about the company s winter party this Saturday night. (9) This party will be the best one we have ever had. (10) I know that you are going to enjoy the entertainment we have provided for you. idk if all of those are right

Question:Can you give me two sentences, One in the Passive voice, One in Active voice for this sentence. *Mandatory attendance is required by all maintenance staff for further practice on safety wiring procedures. What I know about the structuring of Passive & Active sentences is Passive voice Recipient; safety wiring Action;further practice Agent; maintenance staff Active voice Agent; maintenance staff Action; further practice Recipient; safety wire I think this how you structure it.I am not sure. Can you show me if this is right? I might be wrong I do not know if this is the right way to structure the sentence.

Answers:One thing that's confusing is that your original sentence is not worded very well. It should say "for all maintenance staff", not "by all maintenance staff." As it is, it sounds like the maintenance staff is doing the requiring, but that's not how it should be read. In fact, we don't know who's doing the requiring. That's usually how it is with a passive sentence, and that's often the point -- to conceal the identity of the agent. The classic example is former president Reagan's statement "Mistakes were made." The agent (the one(s) who made the mistakes) is deliberately omitted, so as not to incriminate him/them. Anyway, I may be wrong about how your teacher wants you to do this, but in your example, it seems to me that the agent, the one who is doing the sentence's main action, is not specified. It's whoever is doing the requiring. Some safety supervisor, or something like that. For the action, I would say that the requiring is the action; and for the recipient, I would say it's the attendance, as you said. So to identify the action, find the verb. What is happening in this sentence? Something is being required. To find the agent, ask: Who is doing the requiring? The safety supervisor. To find the recipient, ask: What is being required? Attendance. (It's redundant to say "mandatory" attendance is required. If it's required, then it's automatically mandatory, and vice versa.) The agent, action, and recipient will always be the same for both the passive and active forms of the sentence, because they have to do with the conceptual idea of the sentence -- what real-world event is taking place -- and that doesn't change no matter how you choose to talk about it. For an active sentence, the agent is the subject: "The safety engineer requires all maintenance staff to attend further practice on safety wiring procedures." For a passive subject, there are a few ways to structure it, but the only thing that *can't* be the subject is the agent. It can be the recipient, "mandatory attendance", as in the original example. Or it can be a "dummy" subject, like "it", as in "It is required that all maintenance staff attend mandatory further practice on safety wiring procedures." Or it could be "All maintenance staff are required to attend mandatory further practice on safety wiring procedures." Or it could be "Mandatory further practice on safety wiring procedures is required for all maintenance staff." ("Mandatory" moves around because it's redundant anyway.) Notice that in all the passive sentences, you could change "required" to "required by the safety supervisor" and you would still have a grammatical and correct sentence. That's how the agent is specified in a passive, if it is specified at all -- by putting it in a prepositional phrase starting with "by". So, to create the active and passive voice, identify the action, the agent, and the recipient. For an active sentence, make the agent the subject, even if you have to infer who the agent is. For a passive sentence, choose one of the other sentence elements that makes the sentence sound natural.

Question:ok so in this passage there are 10 lines and all of them are passive sentances. i need help in changing into active voice. my teacher was talking about 4 reasons on leaving some sentances in passive form like its ok to not change to active. what are those 4 reasons and please help me. for each sentence, please change to active voice and if the sentence cant be changed or is better off in the passive voice, then please tell why. ive also CAPATILIZED the verbs or verb phrases in each sentence to help you. here we go: 1. in the story , the fate of the world IS CHANGED by a bumbling man named Eckels. 2. eckels IS FASCINATED by the idea of killing a real dinosour. 3. a time safari company IS HIRED by him to do just that 4. in a matter of moments , Eckels IS TAKEN back to the age of the dinosours and IS GIVEN the oppurtunity to fullfill his dream. 5. at the same time , he IS TOLD, in no uncertain terms, not to disturb anything else in the environment 6. if anything IS CHANGED or DAMAGED, the results may be catastrophic. 7. at last , a horrified Eckels S FACED with the terrible lizard. Stunned , he stumbles off the path and accidentally crushes a butterfly. 8. as a result, a different world IS FOUND by hunters on thier return-one with a new president and a new language . 9. read the story to find out how eckels WAS REPAID for his crime. 10. them, think about how a butterfly, the english language, and the president of the USA MIGHT BE CONNECTED. please change these sentences from passive to active BUT if the sentence is ok and no needed to be changed because of the 4 reasons of keeping a sentence passsive , then tell me what rule is used IDK what the 4 rules were but i think one of them was : dont reveal who did action or something like that thank you sooo much please be 110% sure when answering questions because homework is graded like a test here in LA =D

Answers:1. Use the passive voice when it is not known who performs the action. "A mistake was made." 2. Use the passive voice when it is not important to know who performs the action. "Rice is grown in India." 3. Use the passive voice when you want to focus attention on the subject. "My sweater was knitted by my grandmother." 4. The past participle is an adjective used in the passive: You are confused by this assignment. 1. in the story , the fate of the world IS CHANGED by a bumbling man named Eckels. In the story, a bumbling man named Eckels changes the fate of the world. 2. eckels IS FASCINATED by the idea of killing a real dinosour. OKAY (past participle) 3. a time safari company IS HIRED by him to do just that He hires a safari company to do just that. 4. in a matter of moments , Eckels IS TAKEN back to the age of the dinosours and IS GIVEN the oppurtunity to fullfill his dream. OKAY (it is not important who takes Eckels back) 5. at the same time , he IS TOLD, in no uncertain terms, not to disturb anything else in the environment OKAY (unless you know WHO told him) 6. if anything IS CHANGED or DAMAGED, the results may be catastrophic. OKAY (past participle) 7. at last , a horrified Eckels S FACED with the terrible lizard. Stunned , he stumbles off the path and accidentally crushes a butterfly. At last, a horrified Eckels faces the terrible lizard. Stunned, he stumbles off the path.... 8. as a result, a different world IS FOUND by hunters on thier return-one with a new president and a new language . As a result, hunters find a different world on their return--one with a new president.... 9. read the story to find out how eckels WAS REPAID for his crime. OKAY (you don't want to say WHO repaid Eckels) 10. them, think about how a butterfly, the english language, and the president of the USA MIGHT BE CONNECTED. OKAY (not important to know WHO does the connecting)