• Class 11 Physics Demo

Explore Related Concepts

• associate degree in human resources

From Wikipedia

Resource management

In organizational studies, resource management is the efficient and effective deployment for an organization's resources when they are needed. Such resources may include financial resources, inventory, human skills, production resources, or information technology (IT). In the realm of project management, processes, techniques and philosophies as to the best approach for allocating resources have been developed. These include discussions on functional vs. cross-functional resource allocation as well as processes espoused by organizations like the Project Management Institute (PMI) through their Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) methodology to project management. Resource management is a key element to activity resource estimating and project human resource management. Both are essential components of a comprehensive project management plan to execute and monitor a project successfully. As is the case with the larger discipline of project management, there are resource management software tools available that automate and assist the process of resource allocation to projects and portfolio resource visibility including supply and demand of resources.

HR (Human Resource) Management

This is the science of allocating human resources among various projects or business units, maximizing the utilization of available personnel resources to achieve business goals; and performing the activities that are necessary in the maintenance of that workforce through identification of staffing requirements, planning and oversight of payroll and benefits, education and professional development, and administering their work-life needs. The efficient and effective deployment of an organization's personnel resources where and when they are needed, and in possession of the tools, training and skills required by the work.

Corporate Resource Management Process

Large organizations usually have a defined corporate resource management process which mainly guarantees that resources are never over-allocated across multiple projects.

Techniques

One resource management technique is resource leveling. It aims at smoothing the stock of resources on hand, reducing both excess inventories and shortages.

The required data are: the demands for various resources, forecast by time period into the future as far as is reasonable, as well as the resources' configurations required in those demands, and the supply of the resources, again forecast by time period into the future as far as is reasonable.

The goal is to achieve 100% utilization but that is very unlikely, when weighted by important metrics and subject to constraints, for example: meeting a minimum service level, but otherwise minimizing cost.

The principle is to invest in resources as stored capabilities, then unleash the capabilities as demanded.

A dimension of resource development is included in resource management by which investment in resources can be retained by a smaller additional investment to develop a new capability that is demanded, at a lower investment than disposing of the current resource and replacing it with another that has the demanded capability.

In conservation, resource management is a set of practices pertaining to maintaining natural systems integrity. Examples of this form of management are air resource management, soil conservation, forestry, wildlife management and water resource management. The broad term for this type of resource management is natural resource management (NRM).

Uniform Resource Locator

In computing, a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) that specifies where an identified resource is available and the mechanism for retrieving it. In popular usage and in many technical documents and verbal discussions it is often incorrectly used as a synonym for URI. The best-known example of the use of URLs is for the addresses of web pages on the World Wide Web, such as http://www.example.com/.

History

The Uniform Resource Locator was created in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee and the URI working group of the Internet Engineering Task Force. The format is based on Unixfile path syntax, where forward slashes are used to separate directory or folder and file or resource names. Conventions already existed where server names could be prepended to complete file paths, preceded by a double-slash (//).

File formats may also be specified using a final dot suffix, so that requests for file.html or file.txt may be served directly whereas file.php needs to be sent to a PHP pre-processor before the processed result is served to the end user. The exposure of such implementation-specific details in public URLs is becoming less common; the necessary information can be better specified and exchanged using Internet media type identifiers, previously known as MIME types.

Berners-Lee later regretted the use of dots to separate the parts of the domain name within URIs, wishing he had used slashes throughout. For example, http://www.example.com/path/to/name would have been written http:com/example/www/path/to/name. Berners-Lee has also said that, given the colon following the URI scheme, the two forward slashes before the domain name were also unnecessary.

Syntax

Every URL consists of some of the following: the scheme name (commonly called protocol), followed by a colon, then, depending on scheme, a domain name (alternatively, IP address), a port number, the path of the resource to be fetched or the program to be run, then, for programs such as Common Gateway Interface (CGI) scripts, a query string, and an optional fragment identifier.

The syntax is
scheme://domain:port/path?query_string#fragment_id

• The scheme name defines the namespace, purpose, and the syntax of the remaining part of the URL. Software will try to process a URL according to its scheme and context. For example, a web browser will usually dereference the URL http://example.org:80 by performing an HTTP request to the host at example.org, using port number 80. The URL mailto:bob@example.com may start an e-mail composer with the address bob@example.com in the To field.

Other examples of scheme names include https:, gopher:, wais:, ftp:. URLs with https as a scheme (such as https://example.com/) require that requests and responses will be made over a secure connection to the website. Some schemes that require authentication allow a username, and perhaps a password too, to be embedded in the URL, for example ftp://asmith@ftp.example.org. Passwords embedded in this way are not conducive to secure working, but the full possible syntax is

• The domain name or IP address gives the destination location for the URL. The domain google.com, or its IP address 72.14.207.99, is the address of Google's website.
• The domain name portion of a URL is not case sensitive since DNS ignores case: http://en.example.org/ and HTTP://EN.EXAMPLE.ORG/ both open the same page.
• The port number is optional; if omitted, the default for the scheme is used. For example, http://vnc.example.com:5800 connects to port 5800 of vnc.example.com, which may be appropriate for a VNC remote control session. If the port number is omitted for an http: URL, the browser will connect on port 80, the default HTTP port. The default port for an https: request is 443.
• The path is used to specify and perhaps find the resource requested. It is case-sensitive, though it may be treated as case-insensitive by some servers, especially those based on Microsoft Windows. If the server is case sensitive and http://en.example.org/wiki/URL is correct, http://en.example.org/WIKI/URL/ or http://en.example.org/wiki/url/ will display an HTTP 404 error page, unless these URLs point to valid resources themselves.
• The query string contains data to be passed to software running on the server. It may contain name/value pairs separated by ampersands, for example ?first_name=John&last_name=Doe.
• The

World energy resources and consumption

In 2008, total worldwide energy consumption was 474 exajoules () with 80 to 90 percent derived from the combustion of fossil fuels. This is equivalent to an average power consumption rate of 15 terawatts (). Not all of the world's economies track their energy consumption with the same rigor, and the exact energy content of a barrel of oil or a ton of coal will vary with quality.

Despite advances in efficiency and sustainability, of all the energy created since the industrial revolution, more than half has been consumed in the last two decades.

In 2009, world energy consumption decreased for the first time in 30 years (-1.1%) or 130Mtoe, as a result of the financial and economic crisis (GDP drop by 0.6% in 2009). This evolution is the result of two contrasting trends. Energy consumption growth remained vigorous in several developing countries, specifically in Asia (+4%). Conversely, in OECD, consumption was severely cut by 4.7% in 2009 and was thus almost down to its 2000 levels. In North America, Europe and CIS, consumptions shrank by 4.5%, 5% and 8.5% respectively due to the slowdown in economic activity. China became the world's largest energy consumer (18% of the total) since its consumption surged by 8% during 2009 (from 4% in 2008). Oil remained the largest energy source (33%) despite the fact that its share has been decreasing over time. Coal posted a growing role in the world's energy consumption: in 2009, it accounted for 27% of the total.

Most of the world's energy resources are from the sun's rays hitting earth. Some of that energy has been preserved as fossil energy, some is directly or indirectly usable; for example, via wind, hydro- or wave power. The term solar constant is the amount of incoming solar electromagnetic radiation per unit area, measured on the outer surface of Earth's atmosphere, in a plane perpendicular to the rays. The solar constant includes all types of solar radiation, not just visible light. It is measured by satellite to be roughly 1366 watts per square meter, though it fluctuates by about 6.9% during a yearâ€”from in early January to in early July, due to the Earth's varying distance from the sun, and by a few parts per thousand from day to day. For the whole Earth, with a cross section of , the total energy rate is 174 petawatts (), plus or minus 3.5%. This value is the total rate of solar energy received by the planet; about half, 89 PW, reaches the Earth's surface.

The estimates of remaining non-renewable worldwide energy resources vary, with the remaining fossil fuels totaling an estimated 0.4&nbsp;YJ (1 YJ = 1024J) and the available nuclear fuel such as uranium exceeding 2.5&nbsp;YJ. Fossil fuels range from 0.6-3 YJ if estimates of reserves of methane clathrates are accurate and become technically extractable. Mostly thanks to the Sun, the world also has a renewable usable energy flux that exceeds 120&nbsp;PW (8,000 times 2004 total usage), or 3.8 YJ/yr, dwarfing all non-renewable resources.

Consumption

Primary energy

The United StatesEnergy Information Administration regularly publishes a report on world consumption for most types of primary energy resources.

Fossil fuels

The twentieth century saw a rapid twentyfold increase in the use of fossil fuels. Between 1980 and 2006, the worldwide annual growth rate was 2%. According to the US Energy Information Administration's 2006 estimate, the estimated 471.8 EJ total consumption in 2004 was divided as follows, with fossil fuels supplying 86% of the world's energy:

Coal fueled the industrial revolution in the 18th and 19th century. With the advent of the automobile, airplanes and the spreading use of electricity, oil became the dominant fuel during the twentieth century. The growth of oil as the largest fossil fuel was further enabled by steadily dropping prices from 1920 until 1973. After the oil shocks of 1973 and 1979, during which the price of oil increased from 5 to 45 US dollars per barrel, there was a shift away from oil. Coal, natural gas, and nuclear became the fuels of choice for electricity generation and conservation measures increased energy efficiency. In the U.S. the average car more than doubled the number of miles per gallon. Japan, which bore the brunt of the oil shocks, made spectacular improvements and now has the highest energy efficiency in the world. From 1965 to 2008, the use of fossil fuels has continued to grow and their share of the energy supply has increased. From 2003 to 2008, coal, which is one of the dirtiest sources of energy, was the fastest growing fossil fuel..

Nuclear power

As of December 2009, the world had 436 reactors. Since commercial nuclear energy began in the mid 1950s, 2008 was the first year that no new nuclear power plant was connected to the grid, although two were connected in 2009.

Annual generation of nuclear power has been on a slight downward trend since 2007, decreasing 1.8% in 2009 to 2558 TWh with nuclear power meeting 13â€“14% of the world's electricity demand.

Renewable energy

In 2008, renewable energy supplied around 19% of the world's energy consumption. The renewables sector has been growing significantly since the last years of the 20th century, and in 2009 the total new investment was estimated to have been 150 billion US dollars. This resulted in an additional 80&nbsp;GW of capacity during the year.

Hydropower

Worldwide hydroelectricity installed capacity reached 816&nbsp;GW in 2005, consisting of 750&nbsp;GW of large plants, and 66&nbsp;GW of small hydro installations. Large hydro capacity totaling 10.9&nbsp;GW was added by China, Brazil and India during the year, but there was a much faster growth (8%) small hydro, with 5&nbsp;GW added, mostly in China where some 58% of the world's small hydro plants are now located. China is the largest hydro power producer in the world, and continues to add capacity. In the Western world, although Canada is the largest producer of hydroelectricity in the world, the construction of large hydro plants has stagnated due to environmental concerns. The trend in both Canada and the United States has been to micro hydro because it has negligible environmental impacts and opens up many more locations for power generation. In Briti

From Encyclopedia

Human Populations Human Populations

Question:1.What do you think are two advantages of promoting from within an organization or why do you think it is important not to promote from within in your present department? 2.Can you think of three questions that would be illegal to ask you on a job interview? 3.What do you think are 5 vital benefits an organization can offer its employees? 4.HR has many functions in organizations. Why do you think that it has taken until the 21st century that HR is finally being viewed as a strategic partner in organizations or why do you think it is important to have a HR department? 5.How does your organization develop supervisors and managers or any other organization where you have worked in the past whereby you view it is successful. What have they done developmentally that you have seen? 6.What is the relationship between compensation and employee morale, if any?

Answers:2 advantages of promoting from within an organization: - they already know the procedures and no need for training. - they already know the organization internally so they know what it needs for improvement and what would be useless for example. it's important not to promote from within your department some times because coworkers can become jealous and the person who is now their boss, used to be one just like them and they will have trouble treating him or respecting him as a boss and no longer as a fellow coworker. It's also important not to promote from within the department because getting someone from the outside will add on new ideas to the company, new strategies and procedures for better performances for example. I won't go on, it will take me forever to finish.

Question:In the natural resource industries, sustainability is emphasized and recently was even applied to not only renewable resources, but also non-renewable resources

Answers:Recycling the wedding ring of each divorcees will help greatly. :-)))) If we assume there is an average of 1.5 divorce for 1000 inhabitants on earth, a population of 6 billions humans, a wedding ring is about 7 g x 2 for each divorce... It will give around 9 millions divorces a year, so 18 millions rings with a total weight of 126 tons. This is 1/2 of the production of South Africa and around 5 % of the yearly world production !

Question:My fiance and I are having a discussion and he doesn't think that there are jobs in the Human Resource Management field that require you to travel. Whether it's in the country or around the world. I'm trying to tell him that there is. Who's right and also what company's do that so I can prove him wrong! Lol! Thanks so much in advance!

Answers:You're right! Although it does depend on the industry you go into. I'm an HR manager in a logistics company so I have responsibility for sites throughout the UK. The same might apply in retail, for example. Local authorities etc are going to be static, obviously! My last job covered the UK and Ireland so the regular trips to Dublin were good fun!

Question:

Answers:The greatest means of turning slope and subsidence hazards catastrophic is primarily by simply building on or near the hazards. You've heard the old riddle, If a tree falls in the forest, and nobody's there to hear it... Well, if a slope fails, and there are no lives or structures lost, how catastrophic is it? Conversely, you build a town at the bottom of a landslide and it fails, well... A second way is by exacerbating the hazard. For example, constructing engineered barriers that block off influx of sediment to a subsiding area. Most notably this was brought to global attention with the catastrophe of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans. USACE has built levees to channel the flow of the Mississippi River, thus for years choking off the sediment flux needed to build up the delta that New Orleans is built on. Meanwhile, the city was sinking , creating a situation such that when finally along comes a major flood, the entire city is below the water level, and becomes inundated.