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Examples of Biotic Resources
Biotic resources are also known as living resources of the environment. The biotic resources are considered as the renewable resources and they include plants and animals. Foods like coffee, tea, medicines, and sugars are obtained from plants. Resources like timber are obtained from trees and are used for construction purposes and it is also use for furniture, ships and poles. Wood pulp is used to make different types of paper. Other resources obtained from plants are gums, alcohols, fruits etc. Plants also provide shelter and food to other living organisms. Plants give out oxygen which is essential for the survival of most of the organisms. Presence or absence of plants also affects the weather and climatic conditions of an area. Vegetation also prevents soil erosion. The humus formed by the dead and decayed plants provides nourishment to the soil. Humans depend mostly on vegetation for survival.
Animals also form a major part of the biotic resource of an ecosystem. They play an important role in the biotic environment. Animals are important to humans for food which include fish, prawns, goat, sheep, pig and also honey made from honey bees. Some animals also used as a mode of transport. The animals used for transport are hires, camels, mules etc. Some animals also are used to aid in agriculture like cattle and camel. Animals like jackals, vulture, and pigs act as scavenger and help the ecosystem to get rid of dead and decaying matter. Animals are important to maintain a balance in the ecosystem. Fecal matter of some animals is used as manure. Wax and lac are useful substances obtained from insects like honey bee and lac insect. Majority of the pollination and dispersal of seeds is mainly done by insects and a few animals. Animals are also used in research process for the betterment of human kind.
Microorganisms are also another major example of biotic resource in an ecosystem. Microorganisms are present on almost all the ecosystems on earth. Microorganisms are a major source of food to some organisms. They are also the decomposers which decompose all the dead and decayed matter in the environment. Some microorganisms are useful to mankind as they can be used in research techniques to develop drugs like antibiotics for the betterment of human, other animals and also plants. They can be harmful to human, animals and plants as well, they cause certain diseases can sometimes can be lethal.