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From Wikipedia

Sentence (linguistics)

In the field of linguistics, a sentence is an expression in natural language, and often defined to indicate a grammatical unit consisting of one or more words that generally bear minimal syntactic relation to the words that precede or follow it. A sentence can include words grouped meaningfully to express a statement, question, exclamation, request or command.

As with all language expressions, sentences may contain both function and content words, and contain properties distinct to natural language, such as characteristic intonation and timing patterns.

Sentences are generally characterized in most languages by the presence of a finite verb, e.g. "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog".

Components of a sentence


A clause consists of a subjectand apredicate. The subject is typically anoun phrase, though other kinds of phrases (such as gerund phrases) work as well, and some languages allow subjects to be omitted. The predicate is a finite verb phrase: a finite verb together with zero or more objects, zero or more complements, and zero or more adverbials.

There are two types of clauses: independent and subordinate (dependent). An independent clause demonstrates a complete thought; it is a complete sentence: for example, "I am sad." A subordinate clause is not a complete sentence: for example, "because I had to move."

See also copula for the consequences of the verb to be on the theory of sentence structure.

Complete sentences

A simple complete sentence consists of a single clause (subject and predicate). Other complete sentences consist of two or more clauses (see below).


By structure

One traditional scheme for classifying English sentences is by the number and types of finiteclauses:

By purpose

Sentences can also be classified based on their purpose:

  • A "declarative sentence" or "declaration", the most common type, commonly makes a statement: "I am going home."
  • An "interrogative sentence" or "question" is commonly used to request information — "When are you going to work?" — but sometimes not; "see" rhetorical question.
  • An "exclamative sentence" or "exclamation" is generally a more emphatic form of statement expressing emotion: "What a wonderful day this is!"
  • An "imperative sentence" or "command" tells someone to do something: "Go to work at 7:30 in the morning."

Major and minor sentences

A major sentence is a regular sentence; it has a subject and a predicate. For example: I have a ball. In this sentence one can change the persons: We have a ball. However, a minor sentence is an irregular type of sentence. It does not contain a finite verb. For example, "Mary!" "Yes." "Coffee." etc. Other examples of minor sentences are headings (e.g. the heading of this entry), stereotyped expressions (Hello!), emotional expressions (Wow!), proverbs, etc. This can also include nominal sentences like The more, the merrier. These do not contain verbs in order to intensify the meaning around the nouns and are normally found in poetry and catchphrases.

Sentences that comprise a single word are called word sentences, and the words themselves sentence words.

From Yahoo Answers

Question:hey i'm catholic and i went to chatecism and all but they never really explained them so i understood (some) of them/ can you tell me what they are and give my an example of each? thanks =]

Answers:Go see "The Ten" when it comes out this month.


Answers:Hi :-) That's a very interesting question. An expression has a truth value only if it has a truth-condition, which we might conceive of as a state of affairs. For example, snow's being white is the state of affairs in virtue of whose obtaining or non-obtaining 'Snow is white' is true or false. Hence, if we wanted to take a command, for example, to have a truth value, we'd have to allow that there were a condition whose obtaining were both necessary and sufficient for the command's being true. That is, we'd have to allow that there were a state of affairs whose obtaining would suffice for the command's being true and whose non-obtaining would suffice for the command's being false. Consider: "Go to your room, Joanne!" Is there a state of affairs whose obtaining would render this command true? I don't think so. But what about Joanne's going to her room? Joanne's obeying the command consists in her going to her room, but Joanne's going to her room is neither necessary nor sufficient for the command's being true. Declarative sentences are apt for truth, commands are not. However, just as declarative sentences have truth-conditions, so we might hold that commands have obedience-conditions. I'd suggest that for any command C issued to an individual x, there is an action A whose being performed by x is both necessary and sufficient for x's obeying C, just as for any declarative sentence S, there is a state of affairs whose obtaining is both necessary and sufficient for 'S''s being true. To understand a declarative sentence is to know what it would be for it to be true; to understand a command is to know what it would be for the person to whom it is issued to obey it. Joanne's obeying the command "Go to your room, Joanne!" consists in her so acting as to bring about the state of affairs that consists in her being in her room, the very same state of affairs in virtue of whose obtaining 'Joanne is in her room' is true and in virtue of whose non-obtaining 'Joanne is in her room' is false. Thus, we might hold that there is a single propositional content - that Joanne should be in her room - that the command "Go to your room, Joanne!" and the declarative sentence 'Joanne is in her room' share, and, hence, that the difference between the former and the latter is simply one of mood: in issuing a command, one performs a different speech act from that which (typically) one performs in uttering a declarative sentence.

Question:i need pictures showing the 10 commandments example on "thou shall not steal" i should have a picture of someone stealing and so on (anything as much as it shows the ten commandments) i should have at least 2 pictures every # of commandments can you help me find pictures???? yeah i know i can search on google but whats the keyword that i should type??? can u epicifically provide at least 2 pictures evey # of commandments??

Answers:yeah i know i can search on google but whats the keyword that i should type??? http://www.google.com/search?sourceid=navclient&ie=UTF-8&rls=GGLJ,GGLJ:2007-05,GGLJ:en&q=10+commandments+illustrated+pictures


Answers:1. "do not have any other gods before me"- This is putting anything before God, whether you specifically call something/someone else "God" or if you simply put God off to the side and place other things/people in your life as more important. This can include money, reputation, job, family, boyfriend/girlfriend, children, friends, ambitions, possessions, etc. 2. You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them."- this is kind of an extension of the first one but more specifically religion related. not just putting something before God, but actually worshiping it. 3. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain."- This would be swearing. God is holy and people used to not even say His name because they thought it was too holy for them. You can still say God's name of course, but using it uselessly by swearing is disrespecting Him. 4. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy."- this is setting aside one day a week, usually saturday or sunday, to not work and just appreciate God and His blessings. By not working, you put aside all the distractions of life so you can focus on Him. 5. Honor your father and your mother"- this one's pretty self-explanatory. don't be a brat and be respectful 6. You shall not murder."- lots of people mess this one up. It's do not MURDER, not do not KILL. Killing would be in self-defense, a war, or something similar where you are protecting yourself and/or others. Murder is the selfish crime where you end someone's life with no need. 7. You shall not commit adultery."- be faithful to your spouse, in every way, not just not sleeping with someone else, but not fantasizing about or flirting with anyone else. 8. You shall not steal."- um, don't take things that aren't yours 9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor."- don't lie. 10. You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor's. - be grateful for what you have and what God has given you, it's more than any of us deserve. Don't be jealous and covetous of things other people have.

From Youtube

10 Commandments :A simple listing of the 10 Commandments found in the Old Testament. This illustrative video is an example of the media that is provided to churches free of charge by Muddy River Media. For more information go to www.muddyrivermedia.org

10 Commandments (graffiti) :A graffiti styled street lingo listing of the 10 Commandments. This illustrative video is an example of the media that is provided to churches free of charge by Muddy River Media. For more information go to www.muddyrivermedia.org