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From Wikipedia

Adjectival phrase

An adjectival phrase or adjective phrase is a group of words in a sentence that functions in the same way a lone adjective would.

Adjectives are used to modify nouns or pronouns. They give an additional detail about the meaning of a noun. In the sentence "Mr. Clinton is a wealthy man." The question "What kind of man is Mr. Clinton?" is answered by the word ‘wealthy’.

To use an adjectival phrase, the word 'wealthy' is replaced with a group of words: 'of great wealth'. The sentence becomes "Mr. Clinton is a man of great wealth."

Both of these sentences convey the same meaning.

Examples

An example of a sentence with an adjectival: Jackson is a Friendless boy "Friendless" is the adjectival.

The same example with an adjective phrase:

"Without a friend" is the adjective phrase.

An example of a sentence with an adjective:

The Politician is a ''kind'' man.

"Kind" is the adjective.

The same example with an adjectival phrase:

"Of kindly nature" is the adjective phrase


Adpositional phrase

An adpositional phrase is a linguistics term that includes prepositional phrases (usually found in head-first languages such as English) and postpositional phrases (usually found in head-final languages). The difference between the two is simply one of word order.

All types of adpositional phrases are a syntactic category: a phrase which is treated in certain ways as a unit by a language's rules of syntax. An adpositional phrase is composed of an adposition (in the head position, which is why it lends its name to the phrase) and usually a complement such as a noun phrase. ("Adposition" is similarly a generic term for either a preposition or a postposition.) These phrases generally act as complements and adjuncts of noun phrases and verb phrases.

Prepositional phrases

The bolded phrases are examples of prepositional phrases in English:

  • She is on the computer. (She is using the computer.)
  • Haziq could hear her across the room.
  • David walked down the ramp.
  • They walked to their school.
  • Dylan ate in the kitchen.

Prepositional phrases have a preposition as the head of the phrase.

The first example could be diagrammed (using simplified modern notation):

     IP   /  \ NP    VP |     | \ N     V  \ |     |   PP She   is /  \         /    \         P     NP         |    /  \         on  Det  N             |    |             the  computer  

Where by convention:

The diagram shows that the prepositional phrase in this sentence is composed of two parts: a preposition and a noun phrase. The preposition is in the head position, and the noun phrase is in the complement position. Because English is a head-first language, we usually see the head before the complement (or any adjuncts) when we actually read the sentence. (However, the head comes after the specifier, such as the determiner "the" in the noun phrase above.)

See adposition for more examples of complements found in prepositional phrases.

Prepositional phrases generally act as complements and adjuncts of noun phrases and verb phrases. For example:

  • The man from China was enjoying his noodles. (Adjunct of a noun phrase)
  • She ran under him. (Adjunct of a verb phrase)
  • He gave money to the cause. (Oblique complement of a verb phrase)
  • A student of physics. (Complement of a noun phrase)
  • She argued with him. (Complement of a verb phrase)

A prepositional phrase should not be confused with the sequence formed by the particle and the direct object of a phrasal verb, as in turn on the light. This sequence is structurally distinct from a prepositional phrase. In this case, "on" and "the light" do not form a unit; they combine independently with the verb "turn".

Another common point of confusion is that the word "to" may appear either as a preposition or as a verbal particle in infinitive verb phrases, such as "to run for president".

Postpositional phrases

Postpositions are usually found in head-final languages such as Basque, Estonian, Finnish, Japanese, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali and Tamil. The word or other morpheme that corresponds to an English preposition occurs after its complement, hence the name postposition. The following examples are from Japanese:

  • mise 'ni ("'to the store")
  • ie 'kara ("'from the house")
  • hashi 'de ("'with chopsticks" or "on the bridge")

And from Finnish, where postpositions have further developed into case endings:

  • kaupp'aan ("'to the store")
  • talo'sta ("'from the house")
  • puikoi'lla ("'with chopsticks")

Postpositional phrases generally act as complements and adjuncts of noun phrases and verb phrases.



From Yahoo Answers

Question:

Answers:A mathematical "phrase" is composed of numbers, letters, and operations like +, , x, , exponents, roots, etc. An example of a phrase might be as simple as: 2 + 67 15 or with some letters tossed in: 2x + 3y 4z As soon as you put two phrases on either side of a relationship symbol, you make a mathematical "sentence". What is a "relationship symbol" you ask? well the most famous and well-known is the equals sign, "=" There are others though, like: <, >, , So some examples of sentences might be: 2 + 6 3 = 10 2 or: 3x + 6 = 12 or: 4y + 7 > 13 Hope this helps!? Cheers

Question:

Answers:Here we go! Please be sure to rewrite this in your own words, since Google will find it here. What is the difference between an equation and an expression? Include an example of each. An equation contains an equals sign, but an expression does not have one. An expression is like a phrase in English grammar, while an equation is more like a complete sentence. Example of an expression: 6a - 223 Example of an equation: 7a + 25 = 84 Can you solve for a variable in an expression? Explain. You cannot solve for a variable in an expression. In order to solve for a variable, you need to be able to perform things like additions and multiplications on both sides of an equals sign. An expression doesn't have an equals sign, so this cannot be done. Can you solve for a variable in an equation? Explain. Yes, you can solve for a variable in an equation. By performing the same operations (additions/multiplications/etc) on each side of the equals sign, you can try to isolate the variable on one side of the equation, and get its numerical value on the other side of the equation. Write a mathematical phrase or sentence for your classmates to translate Here is a phrase to translate: "I have six more than four times as many pizzas as you" (The solution / translation is 6 + 4p) Here is a sentence to translate: "If I buy six pizzas, I will have four times as many as I have now" (The solution / translation is p + 6 = 4p) Let me know if you need any more for any of these parts, or if you have any questions. Thanks

Question:

Answers:two times a number equals sixteen 2n=16 n=4

Question:

Answers:The sum of 8 and 9 x=8+9 Lol it's pretty basic but still it's an mathematical sentence

From Youtube

Basic Grammar: Examples of Adjective Phrases :www.mindbites.com "An adjective phrase is a group of words that does the work of an adjective." Marie explains the composition of an adjective phrase. Then, combining art appreciation with grammar she uses the rock pool, the snow capped mountains, and the eagle perched upon Eagle Rock depicted in the painting to inspire sample sentences that help teach us the finer points about adjective phrases.Workbook exercises and answer key are provided with this lesson. Featured Music: Bach - Jesu, Joy Of Man's Desiring This lesson is excerpted from the Basic Cozy English Grammar course. The full course was created by and is available from Splashes from the River. You can check out this and other courses from Splashes at www.splashesfromtheriver.com.