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Environmental Pollution Conclusion
We are aware with the different types of pollutants and their impact on our environment. These pollutants affect humans, animals, plants and atmosphere. Their effects are indeed many and wide-ranging. The excessive levels of pollutants cause a lot of damage to human and animal health. For example air pollution reduces the lung functioning, cause irritation of mouth, throat, eyes and nose, asthma, respiratory symptoms like coughing and wheezing.
Air pollutants like sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen etc increases the respiratory diseases and reduces the energy level. Similarly water pollution causes many waterborne diseases like amoebiasis, hookworm, giardiasis, ascariasis and typhoid. The polluted water can damage the nervous system, liver, DNA and kidney.
Another type of pollution is soil pollution which causes cancers including leukaemia etc. The presence of lead in soil is hazardous for young children and can damage to the brain. The high level of Hg can increase the risk of kidney damage and causes neuromuscular blockage. It also causes skin rashes, headaches, eye irritation, nausea and fatigue. The polluted air and water also affect animals such as acid rain destroys aquatic life in water bodies.
The excessive expose of UV radiation from the sun through the ozone layer may cause skin cancer in wildlife. Polluted water causes overgrowth of toxic algae (algal bloom) and Eutrophication. Presence of Hg in water can cause abnormal behaviour and reduces the growth and development. Similarly persistent organic pollutants cause declines, deformities and death of aquatic animals.
The polluted soil can alter the metabolism of microorganisms and arthropods. It can even destroy the primary food chain and has negative effect on predator animal species. Let’s come out with environmental pollution conclusion. On the basis of all these information, we can conclude that it is impossible to avoid pollution at all levels but we can try to minimise it. For example, industries have to dispose the waste water, smoke and solid materials but they can follow certain ways to avoid the air and water pollution. Unfortunately humans are exponentially populating atmosphere and don't even care for it. Countless fish die every day due to industrial discharge in water.
We are observing a regular increment in the temperature and express the concern for global warming. But is that enough to stop the pollution? Are we providing a fresh and clean atmosphere to our future generation? Answer is ‘NO’. The problem of pollution is not the single instance; it is the group collaboration of instances. One person cannot stop it but it can pass to another one and trying to prevent at the best level. If we cannot stop it completely at least we can try to cut pollution down to a size the environment can handle.
We can follow green chemistry principles to avoid the pollution at a certain level. Our government implements "command and control" policies in which we try to control environmental pollution with the help of regulating activities which affect the environment. For example in command and control acts of 1970 and 1990, the government tried to control the amount of emission from automobiles.