To write about the debate, first we need to know, what debate is. It is an argument and it has its own pattern. The entire process is systematically done between two groups where individual person gets space to expresses his/her point of view in a clear manner. Debate is structured in an organized and disciplined way. Hence, it is interesting and doing debate in class is a good way to understand different topics. Generally, two groups participate in the debate and they follow sophisticated techniques to argue on a particular topic. It is interesting as sometimes, you have to say something, which you do not believe.
Topic is the main point of debate. In schools, teachers help students in choosing the right topic. The topic can be changed from debate to debate. Most importantly, debate topic should be chosen by keeping in mind the students’ age and educational qualification. Generally, current issues and common ideas or philosophies become the topic of debate. Many English debate topics are available online. Students can also choose some debate topics on education. In debate, one group should explain the positive points, whereas the other group can give the negative points. Moreover, debate is a team work and participants of each group should define their statements properly. Here, one group is known as affirmative and other one is negative. ‘Team line’ is important as it defines the basic statement of each group. Through team line, one group explains why the topic is true and why it is not true.
There are some specific rules of debating. First, affirmative should define the topic along with the team line. Later, first speaker of negative team should accept or reject the definition of affirmative’s team and then, they can express their team line, as well. They can also outline some important points of their team. Negative team can also rebut some points presented by the affirmative team. Consequently, second affirmative explain their team line and also rebut some main points of the negative team. Again, second negative should reaffirm their statements. They can rebutting and also explain their point of view in a step-by-step order. It will be continuing but third affirmative can give conclusion or summary and the same process is applicable for the third negative also.
Rebuttal is a part of debate. Team members are generally criticizing the statements presented by the other team members. This process is known as rebuttal. Students need to explain each statement with a proper logic. The second most important part is that students need to pick the important points of the other’s team. Most importantly, in the rebutting process, the team members should criticize the other team members’ statements, but they should not criticize each team member personally.
Moreover, students can select some interesting debate topics in English. They can take teachers’ guidance, as well. Matter, method and manner are three major points of debate. Participants should explain the matter in an understandable manner. They should make their statements clear as well as they can give suitable examples. Moreover, the method of representing your views and facts should be constructive and complete. The team members should prepare their speech in right manner. Individual person should organize their speech properly so that each person can complete the statement along with examples within a stipulated time. The third most important aspect is manner. While explaining statements, participant’s body language and manner should be perfect. Moreover, participant should maintain eye contact with the audience to grab their attention. Based on these three points, students’ performance is judged by the adjudicators.