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Elements use in our Daily Life

We can see all known elements in the long form of the periodic table. They are arranged according to their atomic number which increases from left to right in the periodic table. The chemical and physical properties of elements can be identified on the basis of their position in the table or with the help of their valence shell configuration which can be determined by checking the periodic table only. We can observe several elements in our surroundings also. There are various elements which are involved in different applications and quite useful for us.

Let’s have a look on elements uses in our daily life. You can find iron in nails, Al in coke cans and aluminium foil, Li in watch batteries, Au in microprocessors, Cu in coinage, Zn in galvanised steel, oxygen and nitrogen in air, H in water, Ne in signs, U in power production, S in matches and food preservation, Cr in bright work on cars and P in matches. Carbon is basic of whole of the living world. Each C atom contains 4 electrons in its valence shell and can form 4 covalent bonds with other carbon atoms or other atoms to form different carbon compounds.

Due to catenation property of carbon, there are many known compounds of C compare to any other element. Another well known element is hydrogen which is the lightest element and plays a very important role in chemistry. The combination of carbon and hydrogen results the formation of hydrocarbon compounds which are distributed everywhere.

For example, methane, water, butane etc. are very useful compounds. It is also found in sun, other stars and in interstellar space. The nuclear fusion reactions involve hydrogen as a source of energy in the sun and keep us warm. Oxygen is the most abundant element in the earth’s crust. It is found around 21% in atmospheric air and is essential to life.

It involves in the oxidation processes such as combustion and produces the energy needed for life. It is a highly electronegative element and also a strong oxidizing agent. Similarly nitrogen is found around 78% in atmospheric air but cannot absorb directly by body. It is not one of the most abundant elements and plays an important role in the chemical structure of proteins and nucleic acid. Even plants cannot absorb it directly but an absorbed in the form of various nitrogen compounds. It is one of the essential components for the growth of plants therefore also provide in the form of agricultural fertilizers. Iron and silicon are involved in our everyday life in little different manner compare to theses discussed elements.

We can find many iron equipments, household items in your surroundings. It is 5th most abundant element and has been used as a structural material. Silicon is 2nd most abundant element in the earth’s crust. It is widely used as semiconductors and glass optical fibers for communication.

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Question:I need 6 different ways. But if one is makeup, I can't do anything about cosmetics or even handlotions. So it has to be very different. I would also like to know how each is related to chemistry. Also, please don't feel obliged to put down 6.

Answers:pretty much everything you can think of in life relates to chemistry. think about the clothes you wear, the food you eat, the car you drive, the books you read, the medicines you take, your computer, the weather... everything in this universe is made up of atoms, atoms are made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons. the reactions that take place in your body both to keep you alive (mitosis has chemical processes) as well as sustain you (digestion is all about breaking complex molecules into smaller molecules which can be absobed... all by chemical processes) are all at the most basic level chemistry.

Question:can ne 1 tell me about this?

Answers:You can not image any thing without use of chemistry.Say for medicines, petrochemicals and fertilisers ( Made up of crude oil and natural gas or any other C-H compound), Inorganic Chemistry is used for metals and its derivatives a long list of such items.Organic Chemistry just we cannot image. and the derivatives from this like soap, cosmetics,medicines,furniture, switchs,power, cells, circuits,cables,insulation,pipes, -------

Question:Answer in full details

Answers:I was a chemistry major for two years in college, now a much happier geology major. Advantages - We have been able to synthesize new materials that make our lives much, much easier. Take polyethelene, for example, you can wear it, you can make it into machine parts, or tools, or you can use it hold last nights leftovers! Chemistry has allowed us to synthesize new medications that change lives (aspirin and birth control, anyone?) They allow us to create new ceramics that absorb heat in a way that allows them to withstand high temperatures and still not burn our hands when we touch them (ps, they're on the space shuttle!) They allow us to understand what makes up our food, our bodies, and our surroundings. We are learning to understand how our world works at the molecular level with chemistry. It's a very cool thing. Disadvantages- While scientists' aim to improve the quality of life for humans, plants, animals, and to save the the environment, sometimes these are interpreted as quick fixes to real issues in society and our world. Any introduction or removal of a chemical in an environment can change the way a system works. (be it social, human, animal, or earth-wide) Repeated experiments on manufacture, testing, use, and long term effects of chemicals are essential to our survival. Look what happened with DDT, CFCs, hormone replacement therapy, and the Bhopal Disaster. While we learned a lot, there was a tremendous cost to the environment and/or humanity. We need to understand what we are really doing with our technology before we implement it. There is no such thing as a magic pill to save us all, unfortunately. So the science of chemistry is good, but what we do with it can harm or help us.

Question:I need to know how these techniques have become a part of our daily life, I'm guessing water purification is one of them and i need to know both the advantages and disadvantages. I also need to know how these problems can be solved by myself, as an individual....Thank You..

Answers:There is so much on the web about this that it is easier to read for yourself and pick out what you want. Suggest you start with http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Separation_process

From Youtube

Chemistry In Daily Life - Part 1 :Please do visit our websites; www.graveyardwarriors.webs.com http This is the project done by the SSLC students (Batch - 2009-2010) of St.Michael s' AIHSS,Kannur. There where five members in this group and the leader among them was Adlin Antony.