Non-biodegradable materials are the waste that cannot be broken down in nature. These materials cannot be decomposed either by air, climate, moisture or soil. This type of waste cannot be dissolved naturally into the land. The most common non-biodegradable waste are bags, bottles, cans, tins and other products made of plastic. Dangerous chemicals and toxins are also non-biodegradable.
Disposal of non-biodegradable waste is a major concern, not just plastic, a variety of waste being accumulated. There are a few ways to help non-biodegradable waste management and waste disposal methods.
Recycling: Non-biodegradable waste like glass, plastic, and metal are to be separated from other waste for recycling. These materials can be taken to the nearest collection facility. Recycling such material saves landfills space and it also reduces the amount of mined or manufacture to make new products. It also aids in energy saving and reducing global climate change.
Combustion: Waste like plastic and rubber tires can be burned at combustion facilities. These make use of the heat energy generated by the incineration process to steam or electricity; this in turn reduces the demand for non-renewable energy sources like coal and petroleum.
Landfills: Landfills are long term storage area for non-biodegradable waste. Landfill is a carefully situated area, which prevent contamination from the waste entering the area surrounding soil and water and it also helps to reduce odor and pests.
Disposal of Hazardous Waste: Some products like oil used for motor, pesticides, batteries and paint are hazardous materials. These materials are dangerous to the environment more than materials like plastic or rubber. Some communities have special ways to dispose household hazardous waste safely. Special instructions for disposal are to be followed that the listed on the container.
Here are a few effects of unscientific disposal of non-biodegradable waste:
- Non-biodegradable waste discarded to be land-filled will only accumulate. This is the main source of pollution and litter.
- Debris of plastic in the ocean is responsible for deaths of marine animals.
The best way to prevent the accumulation of non-biodegradable waste is the recycling process. Another way to prevent this is to promote usage of biodegradable materials.