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Disadvantages of Synthetic Fibers

Synthetic fibers are a result of extensive research by scientists which are improved quality of the fibers naturally occurring in animal and plant fibers. Synthetic fibers are fibers made of chemical processes. Generally synthetic fibers are created by forcing the fiber forming materials through spinnerets into the air which forms a thread. Before the manufacture of synthetic fibers, the fibers were artificially were made from cellulose from plants, these fibers were known as cellulose fibers.

Synthetic fibers are of two kinds. One is the regenerated synthetic fiber which is made from natural materials that have been chemically processed in some way. For example, rayon, it is made by processing the cellulose in wood pulp. The other kind is the true synthetic fiber which is made wholly form chemicals. For example, nylon, which is an original true synthetic fiber made from chemicals that are obtained from crude oil.

Fibers are made by drawing them into long threads or filaments which is known as spinning method, the parent material is melted and dissolved and then forced it into through holes of a perforated plate or spinneret.

Synthetic fibers are made from small molecules of synthesized polymers. The raw material that are used to make these fibers come from petroleum based chemicals or petrochemicals. Different types of chemical compounds produce different types of fibers. There are several different types of synthetic fibers but they have common properties. There are many classes of fiber based on the synthetic polymers which are said to be valuable commercial products like polyester, nylon, polyolefin and acrylic are amongst the most important in the market. The most common method of manufacturing synthetic fibers is the Melt-spinning process.

Disadvantages of Synthetic Fibers are:
  • They do not wet easily.
  • They do not absorb sweat from skin.
  • The mono-fibers do not trap air pockets like cotton and provide poor insulation.
  • In case of fire the synthetic fibers may melt, causing higher burns than the natural fibers. Synthetic fibers do not easily take up dyes as natural fibers.
  • These fibers may burn more readily than natural fibers.
  • They are prone to heat damage and melt easily.
  • They can be damaged by hot washing.
  • There is electrostatic charge generated by rubbing more than with natural fibers.
  • Clothes made of synthetic fibers are uncomfortable to wear.
  • These fibers do not allow your skin to breathe specially the one made of polyester.
  • It has negative health effects because they do not allow skin to breath and may also affect the lymphatic system.