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Disadvantages of Food Adulteration

Food adulteration is the addition of harmful chemicals to debase the quality of food which result in serious health effect on consumption. Food adulteration is done by adding a mixture or substituting substances of inferior quality by the removal of some valuable and pure ingredient. Food adulteration can lead to serious health diseases like skin disease, asthma and also cancer. It can also cause damage to organs like kidneys, liver, colon, heart and blood.
Adulteration is a legalized term and it means that a food product fails to meet state or the federal standards. Adulterated food is unsafe as it is impure or unwholesome food.

Food is said to be adulterated if:
  • It contains or bears any poisonous or harmful substance which may be injurious to health.
  • It bears any added substance which is poisonous or harmful that is unsafe.
  • It is composed of on a whole or partially is of any substance which is poisonous or harmful which may cause health issues.
  • It contains a residue of any chemical or pesticide which is unsafe.
  • It contains an unsafe food additive.
  • It bears a new and unsafe animal drug.
  • It contains any unsafe color additive.
  • It consists of any rancid or decomposed substance or any unfit food.
  • It has been prepared or packed under unsanitary conditions where it may have been contaminated and pose health injuries.
Disadvantages of Food Adulteration:
  • Overpaying for substandard food.
  • Adulterants are injurious to health and can result in death.
  • Most of the nutrients of the food is lost.
  • Polished and milled rice results in loss of iron and vitamin B.
  • White flour can cause unhealthy weight loss and loss of nutrients.,
  • The original taste of the food is changed to some extent.
Some of the common food adulterants are:
  • Mud, grit or soapstone which is seen in cereals like wheat and rice.
  • Metanil yellow (dye) in dal.
  • Lead chromate in turmeric powder.
  • Starch or powdered horse dung or cow dung in coriander powder.
  • Dried papaya seeds as in black pepper.
  • Brick powder or saw dust in red chilli powder.
  • Extracted fat, starch and water in milk.
  • Jaggery or sugar syrup in honey.
  • Hydrogenated vegetable fat in ghee.