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Answers:Nitrous acid is a weak acid, because it has very low ionisation enthalpy.so it show ph-4. While nitric acid is a stronger acid, which fully ionise in water to produce more n more H+ ions, as a result the bulb glows more brightly. Hence, it has ph-1(highly acidic).
Answers:they do not have the hydrogen bonding between molecules that carboxylic acids have because of their very poistive hydrogen in the carboxyl group
Answers:Acids are H+ donors and Bases are H+ acceptors in chemical processes. Example: HCl gives H+ in the solvent water to become H+ and Cl- and is an acid. This is only one of several definitions of acids and bases but in my opinion the easiest to understand. Also, acids have a pH below 7 and bases have a pH above 7. The pH means the molar concentration of [H+] ions, 1 pH meaning 1 * 10 ^ -1 moles of [H+] ions per liter and 2 pH meaning 1 * 10 ^ -2 moles per liter. So, each 1 decrease on the pH scale means 10 times more [H+] ions and each 1 increase means 10 times less [H+] ions. Glad to help.
Answers:acids a proton donors, bases are proton acceptors examples of acids: hydrochloric acid HCl hydrofluoric acid HF carbonic acid H2CO3 nitric acid HNO3 sulphuric acid H2SO4 examples of bases: sodium hydroxide NaOH lithium hydroxide LiOH barium hydroxide Ba(OH)2 potassium hydroxide KOH calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2