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Symbol

A symbol is something such as an object, picture, written word, sound, or particular mark that represents something else by association, resemblance, or convention. For example, a red octagon may be a symbol for "STOP". On maps, crossed sabres may indicate a battlefield. Numerals are symbols for numbers (amounts). All language consists of symbols. Personal names are symbols representing individuals.

Psychoanalysis and archetypes

Swiss psychoanalyst Carl Jung, who studied archetypes, proposed an alternative definition of symbol, distinguishing it from the term sign. In Jung's view, a sign stands for something known, as a word stands for its referent. He contrasted this with symbol, which he used to stand for something that is unknown and that cannot be made clear or precise. An example of a symbol in this sense isChrist as a symbol of the archetype called self. For example, written languages are composed of a variety of different symbols that create words. Through these written words, humans communicate with each other.Kenneth Burke described Homo sapiensas a "symbol-using, symbol making, and symbol misusing animal" to indicate that a person creates symbols in her or his life as well as misuses them. One example he uses to indicate his meaning behind symbol misuse is the story of a man who, when told a particular food item was whale blubber, could barely keep from throwing it up. Later, his friend discovered it was actually just a dumpling. But the man's reaction was a direct consequence of the symbol of "blubber" representing something inedible in his mind. In addition, the symbol of "blubber" for the man was created by him through various kinds of learning. Burke emphasizes that humans gain this type of learning that helps us create symbols by seeing various print sources, our life experiences, and symbols about the past.

Burke also goes on to describe symbols as also being derived from Sigmund Freud's work on condensation and displacement further stating that they are not just relevant to the theory of dreams, but also to "normal symbol systems". He says they are related through "substitution" where one word, phrase, or symbol is substituted for another in order to change the meaning. In other words, if a person does not understand a certain word or phrase, another person may substitute a synonym or symbol in order to get the meaning of the original word or phrase across. However, when faced with that new way of interpreting a specific symbol, a person may change their already formed ideas to incorporate the new information based on how the symbol is expressed to the person.

Etymology

The word symbol came to the English language by way of Middle English, from Old French, from Latin, from the Greekσ�μβολον (sýmbolon) from the root words συν- (syn-), meaning "together," and βολή (bolē), "a throw", having the approximate meaning of "to throw together", literally a "co-incidence", also "sign, ticket, or contract". The earliest attestation of the term is in the Homeric Hymn to Hermes where Hermes on seeing the tortoise exclaims σ�μβολον ἤδη μοι μέγ᾽ ὀνήσιμον "symbolon [symbol/sign/portent/encounter/chance find?] of joy to me!" before turning it into a lyre.

Role of context in symbolism

A symbol's meaning may be modified by various factors including popular usage, history, and contextual intent.

Historical meaning

This history of a symbol is one of many factors in determining a particular symbol's apparent meaning. Old symbols become reinterpreted, due perhaps to environmental changes. Consequently, symbols with emotive power carry problems analogous to false etymologies.

For example, the Rebel Flag of the American South predates the American Civil War. An early variant of the crossed bars resembled the Scottish Flag.

Juxtaposition

Juxtaposition further complicates the matter. Similar five–pointed stars might signify a law enforcement officer or a member of the armed services, depending the uniform.


Category:Down arrow symbols - Wikimedia Commons

Category:Down arrow symbols. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media ...

Arrow (symbol) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

North West Arrow, , Downwards Arrow With Tip Leftwards .... Up Down Arrow With Base, , Rightwards Arrow Over Leftwards Arrow, , Leftwards Dashed Arrow ...


From Yahoo Answers

Question:alright I have some chemistry definitions, and 2 of the definitions i have to find are of an up arrow and a down arrow. i know of the yield sign already but haven't any clue of the other arrows. help? the 2 arrows are 2 separate definitions.

Answers:The up arrow means the product is a gas. The down arrow means the product is a precipitate.

Question:Is one named after the other?

Answers:The arrow weapon! Because it's been used for a longer time than the symbol...then they invented a symbol that looked like the weapon and named it the same... = )

Question:I am looking for the origin and meaning of a particular symbol. The symbol resembles the number 8 with a vertical line dividing it in half with arrow heads on each end pointing up and down. The right side of the upper loop of the 8 is open. This symbol is similar to the $ sign except the bottom loop is closed and the arrow heads on each end of the straight line. Please help. It is the only one of the group I cannot find. Thanks LuvJo I am looking for the origin and meaning of a particular symbol. The symbol resembles the number 8 with a vertical line dividing it in half with arrow heads on each end pointing up and down. The right side of the upper loop of the 8 is open. This symbol is similar to the $ sign except the bottom loop is closed and the arrow heads on each end of the straight line. Please help. It is the only one of the group I cannot find. This is not an & - there is a vertical line with arrows included. This is not a G cleff - there are arrows on each end. Thanks LuvJo

Answers:Does it look like this & ? If so it's called an Ampersand and means "and" basically.

Question:What is that upward arrow thing on the equation that people give for the answers to this algebra problem?? I keep seeing it on math problems, but I've never seen it before in algebra? http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=AqghxD41X.bPDoAoPbG9ytRJxQt.;_ylv=3?qid=20081022050801AAtqk8R

Answers:symbol of square x^2 = x*x x^3 = x* x* x 5^4 = 5 x 5 x 5 x 5 6^2 = 6*6= 6 x 6