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Answers:Wikipedia has great article on OTEC. No sense in copying it here. Also, become a fan of the OTE Foundation on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Ocean-Thermal-Energy-Foundation/80861561877?ref=mf
Answers:Thermal biomass- as in using something like a decomposing pile of seaweed or manure as a heat source? If so, other than the fact you are using a natural vegetative material or a byproduct of livestock production as examplse to heat a structure, or a planting bed, is that it is making use of energy that would otherwise go to waste, and thus reducing a need for an external energy source like electricity or propane.
Answers:Benefits of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion We can measure the value of an ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) plant and continued OTEC development by both its economic and noneconomic benefits. OTEC's economic benefits include these: Helps produce fuels such as hydrogen, ammonia, and methanol Produces baseload electrical energy Produces desalinated water for industrial, agricultural, and residential uses Is a resource for on-shore and near-shore mariculture operations Provides air-conditioning for buildings Provides moderate-temperature refrigeration Has significant potential to provide clean, cost-effective electricity for the future. OTEC's noneconomic benefits, which help us achieve global environmental goals, include these: Promotes competitiveness and international trade Enhances energy independence and energy security Promotes international sociopolitical stability Has potential to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions resulting from burning fossil fuels.
Answers:I don't know what you mean by 'thermal energy' so i assumed you meant geothermal energy instead. Sorry if i assumed wrongly. Here are some advantages of GEOTHERMAL energy: Geothermal energy does not produce any pollution, and does not contribute to the greenhouse effect. The power stations do not take up much room, so there is not much impact on the environment. No fuel is needed and it's renewable. Once you've built a geothermal power station, the energy is almost free. It may need a little energy to run a pump, but this can be taken from the energy being generated. These are just the ones i know, i found a few websites for you, also. They're in the sources box. Hope this helps :)