3 parts of an atp molecule
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Question:i am doing a bio midterm and one of the questions is ' diagram of ATP molecule and explanation of how energy is stored in ATP'
And please make it understandable for i am only 14 years of age.
Answers:ATP stands for "adenosine triphosphate", which means that it is an adenosine molecule with three phosphate groups attached to it. You can do a google image search to find a diagram of what it looks like. There should also be a picture in your textbook.
It requires energy to attach a third phosphate group to ADP (adenosine diphosphate, with only 2 phosphate groups). When you eat food, your body burns it and uses the energy from the food to attach a 3rd phosphate group to an ADP molecule to turn it into an ATP molecule. This happens inside the mitochondria.
The newly-formed ATP then goes to somewhere else in the cell, where energy is needed. When it gets there, a protein takes that 3rd phosphate group off of the ATP, turning it back into ADP. Because it required energy to put the phosphate group on in the first place, taking it off again gives that energy to the protein that took it back off.
In this way, ATP stores energy from food, transports it to another part of the cell, and then gives the energy to whatever protein needs it in that other part of the cell.
(Many processes require multiple ATPs, and sometimes if a lot of energy is needed it will take off two phosphate groups, creating AMP adenosine monophosphate and then split the two phosphate groups apart too two together are called pyrophospate, and one by itself is inorganic phosphate but you probably don't need to know that much unless you go on to study it in college! You must go to a very good school, though, because I didn't have to learn any of the details at all until college!)
Question:basically the question....also is there ribulose in it? And i don't mean Adenosine triphosphate. what is it actually made of. i need a bit more then ADP + inorganic phosphate etc.
Answers:http://scienceaid.co.uk/biology/biochemistry/images/atp.jpg it's made of 3 phosphate groups, a ribose, and an adenosine (that's why it's called Adenosine Triphosphate!)
Answers:Adenine is a base in DNA, and is part of Adenosine (adenine and ribose ring). Adenosine, as the name suggests, is part of ATP. This is not necessarily storage, but this would be my best guess since ATP is not stored. The high energy bond can be stored in molecules such as creatine, and energy in the form of glucose can be saved as glycogen.
ATP :Glycolysis in the cytoplasm Makes two ATP anaerobically Starts with 6-carbon glucose molecule Breaks it down to 2 3-Carbon sugar In the end 2 pyruvate molecules 2 NAD+ to 2 NADH (Chorus:) This is cellular respiration A biological exploration Altogether 38 ATP So that we can be No oxygen now we go down... the anaerobic pathaway Well there's lactic-acid fermentation Add 2 H+ and 2 NADH too As a product 2 NAD+ and 2 lactic acid Then there's alcoholic fermentation Same as lactic acid 'cept for two things The products: 2 CO2 and ethyl alcohol (Chorus:) Back to aerobic respiration, next is the wonderful cycle of Krebs To prepare for that step, pyruvate to acetate by removing 2 CO2 Now acetic acid to acetyl CoA by reducing NAD+ to NADH and adding CoA Then through the cycle two times two times, products are 4CO2 2FADH2 2 ATP 6 NADH Krebs Cycle fully oxidizes glucose in the matrix, then goes to ETC (Chorus:) Electron transport chain in the cristae Products are 34 ATP and 1 H2O The NADHs and FADH2s now ATP Oxygen being the final electron acceptor
Gradiente ATP :Concentration gradients are a key component of the biological world. The potential energy from these gradients is often used to perform biological work. Here we will focus on hydrogen ion concentration gradients. Hydrogen ions, are also known as protons. A gradient exists when there is a higher concentration of a molecule in one compartment compared to a neighboring compartment. This animation will demonstrate how the potential energy that results from a hydrogen ion gradient uses ADP and inorganic phosphate, also known as Pi, to synthesize ATP. This process involves an enzyme complex called ATP synthase. Gradients and the potential energy they create are key aspects of the biological world. A good example of the use of a gradient occurs in the mitochondria when ATP is synthesized. ATP is synthesized by ATP synthase, a large complex of membrane-bound protein. Here we see ATP synthase, along with other membrane-bound proteins. Notice the large difference in the number of hydrogen ions on the two sides of the membrane. This difference is a hydrogen ion, or proton, concentration gradient. The energy associated with this gradient is used to synthesize ATP from ADP and Pi. This occurs at the ATP synthase complex. One hydrogen ion enters the ATP synthase complex from the intermembrane space and a second hydrogen ion leaves it on the matrix space. The upper part of the ATP synthase complex rotates when a new hydrogen ion enters. Once three protons have entered the matrix space ...