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20 Scientific Names of Plants and Animals





Throughout the world Biologists would use a common system for naming organisms and this particular system is better known as binomial nomenclature. 
The usage of two words genus and species are basically done mainly to identify a species more accurately and also seggregate accordingly.
The science of taxonomy deals with classifying organisms. 
The categories in these taxonomic schemes are done more because of the organized reflection of evolutionary relationships.
The most inclusive category and broadest as well is the domain and here the organisms are sub-divided into one of the three domains mainly classified according to molecular and physical charactieristics.
The living world is progressively sub-divided as per taxonomic categories which are less inclusive. 
Biologists use phylogenetic trees or diagrams to reflect the evolutionary history of organisms.

Using a proper biological clasification is necessary as the number of living things, the plants and animals are enormous. 
Further many new forms and species keep adding on every year. 
The plants and animals vary greatly in their form, structure and animals vary greatly in their form, structure and mode of life. To find an organism of known charatcters from the vast number of organism is almost impossible. 
They need to be divided into groups or subgroups.
These living things needs to be arranged and grouped in a definite plan, so that the study of living things become easy.
As without a particular method of classification of living being, it would be like dealing a huge book collection in a library without a proper arrangement as per title, subject or language.
In such a situation neither a title could be added in a meaningful way nor a particular book could be located easily.
The advantages of using a proper scientific names to the organisms are as follows:
The scientific  name of an organism is known worldwide and so easily recognisable.
All known animals and plants are provided with scientific names irrespective of their utility as it facilitates the study these animals.
Scientific name eliminates the possibilities of confusion of multile naming of an organism in different regions or parts of world.
The scientific names indicate a relationship between different varieties of a species in a genus amd that implies that all these animals have common characters.
This also facilitates in recognition or identification of a newly discovered organism as it will be theoroghly investigated.
Incorrect or misleading name could be easily corrected. 
Scientific names are often descriptive, indicating certain important characteristics of the organisms.

Name of Animal                         Generic                 Specific

Ant                                         Hymenopetrous         formicidae
Camel                                     Camelus                   camelidae
Chameleon                              Chamaele                 ontidate
Cobra                                      Elapidae                   naja
Crocodile                                 Crocodilia                  niloticus
Deer                                        Artiodactyl                cervidae 
Dolphin                                    Delphinidae              delphis 
Fox                                         Cannis                     vulpes 
Frog                                        Anura                      ranidae 
Giraffe                                     Giraffa                      camalopardalis 
Rattle snakes                          Cortalus                   horridus 
Goat                                       Capra                      hircus 
Panda                                     Alurpoda                   melanoleuca 
Rabbit                                     Leporidae                  cuniculas 

Name of Plant                        Generic                   Specific

Red maple                               Acer                       rubrum
Grand fir                                  Abies                     grandis
Indian rice grass                      Achnatherum           hymenoides 
Heart leaf arnica                      Arnica                     cordifolia
Musk thistle                            Carduus                  nutans
Green rabbit brush                   Chrysothamnus       viscidiflorus
Yellow nuts-edge                     Cyperus                  esculentus
Sunflower                               Helianthus               annuus