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20 Scientific Names of Plants and Animals
Throughout the world Biologists would use a common system for naming organisms and this particular system is better known as binomial nomenclature.
The usage of two words genus and species are basically done mainly to identify a species more accurately and also seggregate accordingly.
The science of taxonomy deals with classifying organisms.
The categories in these taxonomic schemes are done more because of the organized reflection of evolutionary relationships.
The most inclusive category and broadest as well is the domain and here the organisms are sub-divided into one of the three domains mainly classified according to molecular and physical charactieristics.
The living world is progressively sub-divided as per taxonomic categories which are less inclusive.
Biologists use phylogenetic trees or diagrams to reflect the evolutionary history of organisms.
Using a proper biological clasification is necessary as the number of living things, the plants and animals are enormous.
Further many new forms and species keep adding on every year.
The plants and animals vary greatly in their form, structure and animals vary greatly in their form, structure and mode of life. To find an organism of known charatcters from the vast number of organism is almost impossible.
They need to be divided into groups or subgroups.
These living things needs to be arranged and grouped in a definite plan, so that the study of living things become easy.
As without a particular method of classification of living being, it would be like dealing a huge book collection in a library without a proper arrangement as per title, subject or language.
In such a situation neither a title could be added in a meaningful way nor a particular book could be located easily.
The advantages of using a proper scientific names to the organisms are as follows:
The scientific name of an organism is known worldwide and so easily recognisable.
All known animals and plants are provided with scientific names irrespective of their utility as it facilitates the study these animals.
Scientific name eliminates the possibilities of confusion of multile naming of an organism in different regions or parts of world.
The scientific names indicate a relationship between different varieties of a species in a genus amd that implies that all these animals have common characters.
This also facilitates in recognition or identification of a newly discovered organism as it will be theoroghly investigated.
Incorrect or misleading name could be easily corrected.
Scientific names are often descriptive, indicating certain important characteristics of the organisms.
Name of Animal Generic Specific
Ant Hymenopetrous formicidae
Camel Camelus camelidae
Chameleon Chamaele ontidate
Cobra Elapidae naja
Crocodile Crocodilia niloticus
Deer Artiodactyl cervidae
Dolphin Delphinidae delphis
Fox Cannis vulpes
Frog Anura ranidae
Giraffe Giraffa camalopardalis
Rattle snakes Cortalus horridus
Goat Capra hircus
Panda Alurpoda melanoleuca
Rabbit Leporidae cuniculas
Name of Plant Generic Specific
Red maple Acer rubrum
Grand fir Abies grandis
Indian rice grass Achnatherum hymenoides
Heart leaf arnica Arnica cordifolia
Musk thistle Carduus nutans
Green rabbit brush Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus
Yellow nuts-edge Cyperus esculentus
Sunflower Helianthus annuus