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From Wikipedia

Sentence (linguistics)

In the field of linguistics, a sentence is an expression in natural language, and often defined to indicate a grammatical unit consisting of one or more words that generally bear minimal syntactic relation to the words that precede or follow it. A sentence can include words grouped meaningfully to express a statement, question, exclamation, request or command.

As with all language expressions, sentences may contain both function and content words, and contain properties distinct to natural language, such as characteristic intonation and timing patterns.

Sentences are generally characterized in most languages by the presence of a finite verb, e.g. "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog".

Components of a sentence

Clauses

A clause consists of a subjectand apredicate. The subject is typically anoun phrase, though other kinds of phrases (such as gerund phrases) work as well, and some languages allow subjects to be omitted. The predicate is a finite verb phrase: a finite verb together with zero or more objects, zero or more complements, and zero or more adverbials.

There are two types of clauses: independent and subordinate (dependent). An independent clause demonstrates a complete thought; it is a complete sentence: for example, "I am sad." A subordinate clause is not a complete sentence: for example, "because I had to move."

See also copula for the consequences of the verb to be on the theory of sentence structure.

Complete sentences

A simple complete sentence consists of a single clause (subject and predicate). Other complete sentences consist of two or more clauses (see below).

Classification

By structure

One traditional scheme for classifying English sentences is by the number and types of finiteclauses:

By purpose

Sentences can also be classified based on their purpose:

  • A "declarative sentence" or "declaration", the most common type, commonly makes a statement: "I am going home."
  • An "interrogative sentence" or "question" is commonly used to request information — "When are you going to work?" — but sometimes not; "see" rhetorical question.
  • An "exclamative sentence" or "exclamation" is generally a more emphatic form of statement expressing emotion: "What a wonderful day this is!"
  • An "imperative sentence" or "command" tells someone to do something: "Go to work at 7:30 in the morning."

Major and minor sentences

A major sentence is a regular sentence; it has a subject and a predicate. For example: I have a ball. In this sentence one can change the persons: We have a ball. However, a minor sentence is an irregular type of sentence. It does not contain a finite verb. For example, "Mary!" "Yes." "Coffee." etc. Other examples of minor sentences are headings (e.g. the heading of this entry), stereotyped expressions (Hello!), emotional expressions (Wow!), proverbs, etc. This can also include nominal sentences like The more, the merrier. These do not contain verbs in order to intensify the meaning around the nouns and are normally found in poetry and catchphrases.

Sentences that comprise a single word are called word sentences, and the words themselves sentence words.



From Yahoo Answers

Question:1)Write a simple sentence with a compound subject. 2. Write a simple sentence with a compound verb. 3. Write a compound sentence with two independent clauses joined by a comma and but. 4. Write a compound sentence with two independent clauses joined by a comma and or. 5. Write a compound sentence with two independent clauses joined by a semicolon. 6. Write a complex sentence with one subordinate clause. 7. Write a complex sentence with two subordinate clauses. 8. Write a complex sentence with a subordinate clause at the beginning of the sentence. 9. Write a complex sentence with a subordinate clause at the end of the sentence. 10. Write a compound-complex sentence. AHHH !!!! this is my homework and i don't get it at all. can anyone tell me how to write these? what is a compound noun :( i'm so confused ! !!!

Answers:(note: caps are for clarity, I'm not yelling) (second note: I know this seems a little complicated, its the best I can do) 1) -A SIMPLE SENTENCE is a sentence with one piece of information, it usually has one SUBJECT and one statement about that subject (or PREDICATE). -The MAIN person or thing that the sentence is about is the SUBJECT, and usually comes first. A subject is usually a person, place, or thing, but can also be an action. -Everything else (what the subject did, to whom, why etc.) is the PREDICATE A compound SUBJECT (not a compound noun) is usually two SUBJECTS joined by "and", as in "Bob and Mary" or "The cities and towns" 2)Your teacher/textbook probably means, "two verbs joined by 'and'", like "walking and talking" or "sitting and eating". (strictly speaking, this is not a compound verb) 3) -A COMPOUND SENTENCE is two separate, complete sentences written as one sentence, often with a conjunction like "but" or "and" in the middle. -A CLAUSE is a part of a sentence that contains a piece of information. If it is the MAIN or INDEPENDENT CLAUSE, it tells us the main idea of the sentence, if it is the DEPENDENT or SUBORDINATE CLAUSE, it tells us other information somehow related to the MAIN CLAUSE. - An INDEPENDENT CLAUSE is a clause(small sentence, part of a sentence) that has a complete subject and predicate, and so COULD be a sentence by itself, so make sure both of your clauses have a SUBJECT and PREDICATE. -Also, the comma should come BEFORE the "but". 4)Same as above, but "or" is usually used when you have to choose one of two situations/outcomes. 5)Same as above, but these two clauses must be closely related, like opposites of one another, or the second clause continues, explains, or completes the meaning of the first clause, remember both clauses must have a SUBJECT and PREDICATE. 6) -A COMPLEX SENTENCE is one complete sentence, plus at least one partial sentence, called a SUBORDINATE CLAUSE, or DEPENDENT CLAUSE. -A SUBORDINATE CLAUSE is a part of a sentence that is not the MAIN CLAUSE, and not a complete idea. for example: "but I helped her." is not a complete idea, it can only be a SUBORDINATE CLAUSE of a sentence with a complete idea. -Any sentence with a SUBORDINATE CLAUSE is automatically a complex sentence. 7) Same as above, just add one more piece of information to your sentence that is not a complete idea. if you use "and" or "or", only use these once, before the last CLAUSE*. example "...,saw Mary there, and came right back." (note the COMMA before "saw") 8)Just add an opinion to your sentence like: "I think..." or "It is strange that...", this sentence will automatically be a COMPLEX SENTENCE. 9)Just like above, but add your opinion at the end of the sentence, usually with a "but" or "and" example "...but I don't believe that." 10)You now know what a COMPLEX SENTENCE is, write two that are related, and combine them with "and" or "but", you will have a COMPOUND COMPLEX SENTENCE.

Question:Can someone give me: 2 simple sentences 4 complex sentences 4 compound sentences WHOEVER CAN GET THE BEST 10 SENTENCES, GETS TO BE THE BEST ANSWER PERSON! 5 STARS! :)

Answers:The Simple Sentence The most basic type of sentence is the simple sentence, which contains only one clause. A simple sentence can be as short as one word: Run! Usually, however, the sentence has a subject as well as a predicate and both the subject and the predicate may have modifiers. All of the following are simple sentences, because each contains only one clause: Melt! Ice melts. The ice melts quickly. The ice on the river melts quickly under the warm March sun. Lying exposed without its blanket of snow, the ice on the river melts quickly under the warm March sun. As you can see, a simple sentence can be quite long -- it is a mistake to think that you can tell a simple sentence from a compound sentence or a complex sentence simply by its length. The most natural sentence structure is the simple sentence: it is the first kind which children learn to speak, and it remains by far the most common sentence in the spoken language of people of all ages. In written work, simple sentences can be very effective for grabbing a reader's attention or for summing up an argument, but you have to use them with care: too many simple sentences can make your writing seem childish. When you do use simple sentences, you should add transitional phrases to connect them to the surrounding sentences. The Compound Sentence A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses (or simple sentences) joined by co-ordinating conjunctions like "and," "but," and "or": Simple - Canada is a rich country. Simple - Still, it has many poor people. Compound - Canada is a rich country, but still it has many poor people. Compound sentences are very natural for English speakers -- small children learn to use them early on to connect their ideas and to avoid pausing (and allowing an adult to interrupt): Today at school Mr. Moore brought in his pet rabbit, and he showed it to the class, and I got to pet it, and Kate held it, and we coloured pictures of it, and it ate part of my carrot at lunch, and ... Of course, this is an extreme example, but if you over-use compound sentences in written work, your writing might seem immature. A compound sentence is most effective when you use it to create a sense of balance or contrast between two (or more) equally-important pieces of information: Mont al has better clubs, but Toronto has better cinemas. Special Cases of Compound Sentences There are two special types of compound sentences which you might want to note. First, rather than joining two simple sentences together, a co-ordinating conjunction sometimes joins two complex sentences, or one simple sentence and one complex sentence. In this case, the sentence is called a compound-complex sentence: compound-complex The package arrived in the morning, but the courier left before I could check the contents. The second special case involves punctuation. It is possible to join two originally separate sentences into a compound sentence using a semicolon instead of a co-ordinating conjunction: Sir John A. Macdonald had a serious drinking problem; when sober, however, he could be a formidable foe in the House of Commons. Usually, a conjunctive adverb like "however" or "consequently" will appear near the beginning of the second part, but it is not required: The sun rises in the east; it sets in the west. The Complex Sentence A complex sentence contains one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Unlike a compound sentence, however, a complex sentence contains clauses which are not equal. Consider the following examples: Simple - My friend invited me to a party. I do not want to go. Compound - My friend invited me to a party, but I do not want to go. Complex - Although my friend invited me to a party, I do not want to go. In the first example, there are two separate simple sentences: "My friend invited me to a party" and "I do not want to go." The second example joins them together into a single sentence with the co-ordinating conjunction "but," but both parts could still stand as independent sentences -- they are entirely equal, and the reader cannot tell which is most important. In the third example, however, the sentence has changed quite a bit: the first clause, "Although my friend invited me to a party," has become incomplete, or a dependent clause. A complex sentence is very different from a simple sentence or a compound sentence because it makes clear which ideas are most important. When you write My friend invited me to a party. I do not want to go. or even My friend invited me to a party, but I do not want to go. The reader will have trouble knowing which piece of information is most important to you. When you write the subordinating conjunction "although" at the beginning of the first clause, however, you make it clear that the fact that your friend invited you is less important than, or subordinate, to the fact that you do not want to go.

Question:Write about an airplane trip. Only 10 very simple sentences.

Answers:Mariam, I am very sad that you would cheat on the homework I assigned. I check this site all the time. Do your work on your own, I want to see what you know and not what someone else tells you. See me before class and we are going to discuss this.

Question:if you could change ten sentences from english to any other language what would it be

Answers:Thank you for your help. Where is the bathroom? Save me! Jesus loves you. I love you. How much does it cost? That is cute. I'm so nappy. I miss you. I'm hungry.

From Youtube

Simple Sentence Diagramming :Instructional Video Project for Educational Media & Technology Review of the 10 Basic Sentence Patterns, followed by practical application. Special appearance by Oso.

Grammar: Student Examples of Sentence Types :This video captures the honors English 10 discussion about the four sentence types in English grammar. This part of the discussion looks at student examples of each type. Part 2 of 2.