One of the complex issues in India is Child labor. This issue attracts a lot of attention. Child labor is the practice where the children below the age group of 14 are employed into work. Various laws fail to eradicate the prevalence and persistence of this demon that exploits the child and imposes forceful deprivation of the right of education to the child. The child is forced to indulge into labour at a very tender age. Estimates reveal that India has the higher number of child laborers in the world.
It is seen that small children from states liker Bihar, Orissa, UttarPradesh and various parts of the country are sold by their parents for a mere sum to the businessmen, traders etc. These children are forced to work in hotels, restaurants, factories in various metro cities like Mumbai, Delhi,. Parents have to sell their children for money to sustain themselves and others in the family. Child labor can be prominently seen in industries like bidi, hotels, fireworks and diamonds. Instead of going to school or playing, these young children have to work in these factories for a span of more then 15 hours a day. This tedious work nature hampers their health. Most of the girls are pushed into flesh trade and at times exploited by their owners.
Causes of Child labor in India:
The main cause of child labor can be attributed to the poverty. It is the poverty that makes a person sell his/ er children. It is the poverty that compels a girl to indulge in flesh trade. It is the poverty that squashes their future and deprives them of the right to live. Yes, it is estimated that 22,000 children die in accidents at workplace worldwide. So, we need to eradicate the poverty. Government can establish industries and factories and generate jobs to employ the parents and solve this problem of poverty.
Effects of education on child labor:
Various efforts have been made to improve the literacy rate in the country. Education has the power to eradicate poverty, so emphasis has to be laid on reducing the drop out rate in the schools. The government has to enforce the educational programs effectively by creating interest in the students towards learning and education.
The concept of compulsory education was introduced long ago but was strictly enforced in the year 2010 by introducing the Right to Education Act that provides free and compulsory education to the children aged between 6 years to 14 years. These programs are funded by the contribution extended by the Central and the State government.
It is a moral obligation of each and every individual to contribute towards the eradication of the child labor in India.