The government seems to have woken up from a long long sleep and introduced the much awaited Right to Education Act that was enacted by the Indian parliament on 4th August 2009 and finally came into force on 1st April 2010. The enforcement of this act made India one among the 135 nations that have made education as one of the fundamental right of every child.
The amendment to Article 21 of the Indian constitution is made by inserting Article 21 A . This Article provides for free and compulsory education for all the children between the age group of 6 and 14. The following are the salient features of the Act.
- Children between the age group of 6 to 14 are entitled to free and compulsory education.
- Until the completion of elementary education no child shall be expelled, held back
- After the completion of the elementary education (up to 8th grade) the child must be awarded with a certificate.
- The teacher student ratio has to be fixed.
- This Act is applicable for the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
- The Act requires that a reservation of 25% for the economically disadvantaged communities in all the private schools for the purpose of admission to the Class One.
- One of the mandatory provision of this Act is the improvement of the quality of Education.
- The Act also requires that the teachers in the school must have an adequate professional qualification.
- The schools are under the obligation of providing proper infrastructural facilities. If this condition is not followed the recognition of the school stands canceled.
10. The financial expenditures will be shared by the Central and the State government in their respective ratios.
I think that the government needs to put in rigorous efforts in implementing this law in the rural areas where there is a limited access to the schools and parents and children prefer working to education. There is a dearth of trained teachers in the rural areas too. Steps have to be taken to provide for good, well trained teachers in the rural areas who can impart proper education to the people. The schemes designed by the government for educating the girl child must be followed on strict basis.
By enacting this Act the parliament of India has taken its first step to provide quality education to the children in India. Let us hope that in the years to come we find that no child is found to be illiterate and deprived of the fundamental right to education.